, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 289–292 | Cite as

Lung transplantation in two cystic fibrosis patients infected with previously pandrug-resistant Burkholderia cepacia complex treated with ceftazidime–avibactam

  • Ibai Los-Arcos
  • Oscar LenEmail author
  • María Teresa Martín-Gómez
  • Juan José González-López
  • Berta Saéz-Giménez
  • María Deu
  • Xavier Nuvials
  • Ricard Ferrer
  • Antonio Román
  • Joan Gavaldà
Brief Report


We describe two cystic fibrosis patients infected with pandrug-resistant Burkholderia cepacia complex, with the exception of ceftazidime–avibactam, who received prophylaxis with this antibiotic during lung transplantation. Although both patients had a post-operative relapse of respiratory infection, one with positive blood cultures, ceftazidime–avibactam treatment yielded a favourable outcome. 12 months after transplantation, one patient presented an excellent clinical outcome. However, the other patient died 10 months later due to severe B. cepacia sinusitis with intracranial invasion.


Multi-drug resistance Respiratory tract infection Lung transplantation Cystic fibrosis Ceftazidime–avibactam Burkholderia cepacia complex 



Ibai Los-Arcos received a Rio Hortega contract through the 2016 call for Strategic Action in Health from Instituto de Salud Carlos III of the Spanish Health Ministry for the years 2017–2018. The authors thank Celine Cavallo for English language support.


This research received no specific Grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

I.L. has been a speaker for Pfizer and has received travel support from Gilead, Merck and Novartis. O.L. has received a research grant from Pfizer and has been speaker for Pfizer, Astellas, Novartis and Merck. The rest of the authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest related to this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibai Los-Arcos
    • 1
    • 6
  • Oscar Len
    • 1
    • 6
    Email author
  • María Teresa Martín-Gómez
    • 2
  • Juan José González-López
    • 2
  • Berta Saéz-Giménez
    • 3
  • María Deu
    • 4
  • Xavier Nuvials
    • 5
  • Ricard Ferrer
    • 5
  • Antonio Román
    • 3
  • Joan Gavaldà
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Infectious Diseases DepartmentHospital Universitari Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Microbiology DepartmentHospital Universitari Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Lung Transplant UnitHospital Universitari Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Thoracic Surgery DepartmentHospital Universitari Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Critical Care DepartmentHospital Universitari Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Departament of MedicineUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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