, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 111–114 | Cite as

Emergent genital infection by Leptotrichia trevisanii

  • José Carlos Mora-Palma
  • Antonio Jesús Rodríguez-Oliver
  • José María Navarro-Marí
  • José Gutiérrez-FernándezEmail author
Case Report


We report the first case of an association between Leptotrichia trevisanii and an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the second case of the isolation of this infection in the cervical canal. A 45-yr-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with clinical and radiological signs and symptoms compatible with an episode of PID. She was hospitalized for intravenous antibiotic control and treatment and the subsequent surgical drainage of abscesses. Cultures were taken throughout the process, but only cultures from cervical canal exudate were positive, with the growth of L. trevisanii species. It appears important to carry out a complete microbiological screening, not limited to conventional agents, on adequate clinical samples to detect possible infectious agents that may be missed in these cases.


Genital infection Leptotrichia trevisani Emerging infection 




Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

The study protocol was carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. This was a non-interventional study with no additional investigation to routine procedures. Biological material was only used for infection standard diagnostics following physicians’ prescriptions. No additional sampling or modification of the routine sampling protocol was performed. Data analyses were carried out using an anonymous database. For these reasons, ethics committee approval was considered unnecessary according to national guidelines. The Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Clinical Management Unit of the University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves of Granada (Spain) granted permission to access and use the data.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de GranadaHospital Universitario Virgen de las NievesGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Servicio de Microbiología, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de GranadaHospital Universitario Virgen de las NievesGranadaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de GranadaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

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