Cellular Response of Anodized Titanium Surface by Poly(Lactide-co-Glycolide)/Bone Morphogenic Protein-2
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The purpose of this study is to examine physical characteristics of and initial biological properties to anodized titanium treated with poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) mixed with recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2).
Titanium specimens were prepared in groups of four as follows: group NC was anodized under 300 V as control; group PC was anodized then dropped and dried with solution 0.02 ml PLG; group D was anodized then dropped and dried with solution 0.02 ml PLG/rhBMP-2 (3.75 μg per disc); and group E was anodized then coated with 0.02 ml PLG/rhBMP-2 (3.75 μg per disc) by electrospray. Human osteoblastic-like sarcoma cells were cultured. Cell proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity test were carried out. Runx-2 gene was investigated by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Immunofluorescence outcome of osteogenic proteins was observed.
After 3 days, there were significantly higher proliferations compared rhBMP-2 loaded titanium discs with rhBMP-2 unloaded discs. The ALPase activity on rhBMP-2 loaded titanium discs was significantly higher than in rhBMP-2 unloaded discs. The expression level of Runx2 mRNA presented the highest on the PLG/rhBMP-2-coated surface.
PLG polymers mixed with rhBMP-2 might improve proliferation, differentiation and osteogenic protein formation of cells on the anodized titanium.
KeywordsBone morphogenic protein Polymer Anodized titanium Cell proliferation Cell differentiation
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
There are no animal experiments carried out for this article.
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