A preliminary life cycle assessment on healthcare waste management in Chittagong City, Bangladesh

  • O. AlamEmail author
  • A. Mosharraf
Original Paper


Life cycle assessment is a decision-supporting tool in waste management practice; however, very few researches have been performed on the evaluation of healthcare waste management based on life cycle perspective. So this preliminary life cycle assessment study was conducted on healthcare waste management in Chittagong city. Three scenarios were developed for the present healthcare waste management system based on previous data along with one proposed scenario. All the calculated values of each scenario were put into life cycle assessment database. Then the collected data were analyzed by adopting SimaPro 7 to calculate global warming, human toxicity, freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity and terrestrial ecotoxicity potential from healthcare waste management. Conducting a preliminary life cycle assessment study based on the present waste management scenarios in Bangladesh is very tough task. In contrary, there is a good prospect to conduct life cycle assessment study if appropriate implementation of the laws and technical supports can be ensured. It was found that open burning and incineration of healthcare waste mainly contributed to the global warming and human toxicity potential. Disposal of healthcare waste by dumping (landfilling) mainly contributed to the freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity and terrestrial ecotoxicity potential. The proposed scenario demonstrated remarkable lower impacts for each category than the private and local government healthcare waste management systems.


Bangladesh Healthcare waste Impacts Life cycle assessment Problems 



We are indebted to Dr. Mohammad Mosharraf Hossain, Professor, Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh, and Dr. Nawshad Haque, Senior Scientist, Team and Project Leader at Australian Government’s Science Laboratory at CSIRO, Australia, for their cordial support in accomplishing this preliminary LCA study on HCWM in Bangladesh.

Supplementary material

13762_2019_2585_MOESM1_ESM.docx (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 43 kb)


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State-Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental EngineeringEast China University of Science and Technology (ECUST)ShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

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