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Application of bacterial cellulose–silver nanoprism composite for detoxification of endosulfan and inactivation of Escherichia coli cells

  • N. Tyagi
  • P. Thangadurai
  • S. SureshEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

This study demonstrates the suitability of a bacterial cellulose–silver nanoprism composite for detoxification of endosulfan and disinfection of water spiked with Escherichia coli cells. Nanoprisms were synthesized using sodium borohydride reduction in combination with hydrogen peroxide-assisted etching. Characterization of nanoparticles using absorption spectroscopy and electron microscopy revealed the presence of silver nanoprisms ranging from 7 to 37 nm. Analysis using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy revealed the successful doping of silver nanoprisms onto bacterial cellulose pellicles through overnight immersion of the polymer in the colloidal solution containing free nanoparticles. The bacterial cellulose–silver nanoprism composite (2.5 mg of Ag0/g of bacterial cellulose) along with Mg0 system removed > 99% of 10 mg L−1 of endosulfan after 45 min of reaction by transforming into its end product, bicyclo-hept-5-ene-2,3-diol. The BC–Ag0 composite exhibited biocidal activity against E. coli (3 × 104 CFU mL−1), and the extent of reduction was ~ 99% after 65 min of contact. The BC–Ag0 composite could be reused successfully for 5–6 cycles of degradation of endosulfan with an efficacy of ~ 86% and 6–7 cycles of disinfection with > 99% antimicrobial activity against E. coli. The leaching of silver was below the permissible limit (0.1 mg L−1). Results obtained from this study suggest that the bacterial cellulose–silver nanoprism composite could be used for remediation of water contaminated with chlorinated pesticides such as endosulfan and infectious bacteria. It can be concluded that impregnation of silver nanoprisms on bacterial cellulose encourages reuse of nanoparticles, reduces environmental risks and makes the process more economical.

Graphic Abstract

Keywords

Cellulose Dechlorination Disinfection Nanoparticles Silver 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) for funding this project. The authors wish to thank Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility (SAIF) and Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Sciences (MEMS) for extending their facilities during the course of this project. Services offered by Chemical Engineering Department, IIT Bombay, for GC–MS analyses and characterization of bacterial cellulose are greatly appreciated. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Supplementary material

13762_2019_2510_MOESM1_ESM.docx (8.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 8675 kb)

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)Powai, MumbaiIndia

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