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Wastewater treatment of food industries through constructed wetland: a review

  • S. SeharEmail author
  • H. A. A. Nasser
Review
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Abstract

Constructed wetland (CW) is reliable technology for a range of wastewater treatment generated through various sources. Contrary to traditional wastewater treatment technologies, CW is an environment friendly and profitable approach with less personal supervision requirements. Moreover, CW has been successfully implemented for diverse agriculture and industrial sectors for sewage or municipal wastewater treatment. In this review, recent developments in constructed wetlands related to various food industries such as seafood-processing industry, olive mill industry, dairy, alcohol fermentation industry and abattoir industry at both laboratory- and pilot-scale levels are presented. It has been found that high pollutant loading rates and toxic substances can be effectively treated with CW; thus, they have great potential to be easily operative in developing countries and rural areas. Finally, some challenges that may affect the performance of CWs with some suggestions to improve their performance are also discussed.

Keywords

Abattoir industry Constructed wetland Influent Surface loading rate Wastewater treatment Wineries 

Abbreviations

CW

Constructed wetland

SSF-CWs

Subsurface flow

HF

Horizontal flow

VF

Vertical flow

FWS-CWs

Free water surface constructed wetland

HCW

Hybrid wetland

NH4+–N

Ammonium nitrogen

TP

Total phosphorous

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

TSS

Total suspended solids

NO3N

Nitrate nitrogen

Notes

Acknowledgement

SS acknowledges financial support from the University of New South Wales, Australia.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological, Earth and Environmental SciencesThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Biology, College of ScienceUniversity of BahrainSakhirBahrain

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