Wastewater treatment of food industries through constructed wetland: a review

  • S. SeharEmail author
  • H. A. A. Nasser


Constructed wetland (CW) is reliable technology for a range of wastewater treatment generated through various sources. Contrary to traditional wastewater treatment technologies, CW is an environment friendly and profitable approach with less personal supervision requirements. Moreover, CW has been successfully implemented for diverse agriculture and industrial sectors for sewage or municipal wastewater treatment. In this review, recent developments in constructed wetlands related to various food industries such as seafood-processing industry, olive mill industry, dairy, alcohol fermentation industry and abattoir industry at both laboratory- and pilot-scale levels are presented. It has been found that high pollutant loading rates and toxic substances can be effectively treated with CW; thus, they have great potential to be easily operative in developing countries and rural areas. Finally, some challenges that may affect the performance of CWs with some suggestions to improve their performance are also discussed.


Abattoir industry Constructed wetland Influent Surface loading rate Wastewater treatment Wineries 



Constructed wetland


Subsurface flow


Horizontal flow


Vertical flow


Free water surface constructed wetland


Hybrid wetland


Ammonium nitrogen


Total phosphorous


Chemical oxygen demand


Biological oxygen demand


Total suspended solids


Nitrate nitrogen



SS acknowledges financial support from the University of New South Wales, Australia.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological, Earth and Environmental SciencesThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Biology, College of ScienceUniversity of BahrainSakhirBahrain

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