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Comparative studies of phytoplankton compositions as a response of water quality at North El-Manzala Lake, Egypt

  • M. A. Deyab
  • S. E. Abu Ahmed
  • F. M. E. WardEmail author
Original Paper
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

El-Manzala Lake represents one of the most economical and valuable fish sources lakes in Egypt. This study aims to study the impact of physical and chemical properties of water on phytoplankton communities in North El-Manzala Lake. The number and biomass of phytoplankton, as well as physicochemical characteristics of surface water at the seven sites (Al-Baghdadi, Shatta, El-Deiba, Abo El-Ross, El Nafft, Towall Ibrahim, and Shatt Greba) representing North El-Manzala Lake—Damietta, Egypt, were studied from January to December 2017. Physicochemical properties of water exhibited seasonal and local variations. Phytoplankton standing crop in North El-Manzala Lake—Damietta, Egypt, was varied in relation with water quality as follows: Al-Baghdadi > El Nafft > Shatt Greba > Shatta > El-Deiba > Towall Ibrahim > Abo El-Ross. Cyanophyta was the dominant class at all sites except at Al-Baghdadi and Towall Ibrahim where Bacillariophyta and Pyrrophyta were the predominant phytoplanktonic groups, respectively. The maximum crop density was recorded in winter, whereas the lowest values occurred in summer. Pearson’s correlation coefficient revealed that most of the phytoplankton groups were significantly correlated with water temperature, pH, total alkalinity, ammonia, nitrate, silica, and ortho-phosphorus.

Keywords

Bacillariophyta Biomass Chlorophyta Cyanophyta Physicochemical analyses Pyrrophyta 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank all members of the faculty of Science, Damietta University, for their valuable guidance, continuous and unlimited support throughout the whole work. This work did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13762_2019_2409_MOESM1_ESM.xls (215 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLS 215 kb)
13762_2019_2409_MOESM2_ESM.xls (234 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 234 kb)

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Deyab
    • 1
  • S. E. Abu Ahmed
    • 1
  • F. M. E. Ward
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of ScienceDamietta UniversityNew Damietta CityEgypt

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