Advertisement

Enhancement of mass and charge transport in scaled-up microbial fuel cell by using innovative configuration of bioanode

  • W.-E. Thung
  • S.-A. OngEmail author
  • L.-N. Ho
  • Y.-S. Wong
  • F. Ridwan
  • Y.-L. Oon
  • Y.-S. Oon
  • H. K. Lehl
Original Paper
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

The effectiveness of electron and proton transport to anode and cathode is the key criteria in microbial fuel cell technology in order to improve the electricity generation. An innovative linked anode was designed to enhance the mass transfer of protons and electrons in the scaled-up up-flow membrane-less microbial fuel cell. The common cube anode was used to compare with the linked anode. The performance of voltage output for the cube anode and the linked anode was examined by various hydraulic retention times and the electrode spacing distances. The maximum power density of the linked anode was almost identical at all electrode spacing distances. Meanwhile, this result demonstrated that the configuration of linked anode has better directional fluid flow, mass transfer of protons and electrons, and voltage output (stationary phase) than those of the cube anode at all hydraulic retention times. The finding could suggest that the different configuration of bioanode in an up-flow membrane-less microbial fuel cell is an important factor to be considered for future real application.

Keywords

Anode configuration Directional fluid flow Mass transfer Membrane-less MFC Up-flow 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Science Fund MOSTI Grant (02-01-15-SF0201) for their support on this study.

References

  1. Adav SS, Lee DJ, Lai JY (2010) Microbial community of acetate utilizing denitrifiers in aerobic granules. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:753–762.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-009-2263-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bajracharya S, Sharma M, Mohanakrishna G et al (2016) An overview on emerging bioelectrochemical systems (BESs): technology for sustainable electricity, waste remediation, resource recovery, chemical production and beyond. Renew Energy 98:153–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.03.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bennetto HP, Stirling JL, Tanaka K, Vega CA (1983) Anodic reactions in microbial fuel cells. Biotechnol Bioeng 25:559–568.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260250219 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clauwaert P, Rabaey K, Aelterman P et al (2007) Biological denitrification in microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 41:3354–3360.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es062580r CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crittenden SR, Sund CJ, Sumner JJ (2006) Mediating electron transfer from bacteria to a gold electrode via a self-assembled monolayer. Langmuir 22:9473–9476.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la061869j CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cui D, Guo Y-Q, Lee H-S et al (2014) Efficient azo dye removal in bioelectrochemical system and post-aerobic bioreactor: optimization and characterization. Chem Eng J 243:355–363.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.082 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniel DK, Das Mankidy B, Ambarish K, Manogari R (2009) Construction and operation of a microbial fuel cell for electricity generation from wastewater. Int J Hydrog Energy 34:7555–7560.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.06.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fan Y, Sharbrough E, Liu H (2008) Quantification of the internal resistance distribution of microbial fuel cells quantification of the internal resistance distribution of microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 42:8101–8107.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es801229j CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feng Y, Wang X, Logan BE, Lee H (2008) Brewery wastewater treatment using air-cathode microbial fuel cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 78:873–880.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-008-1360-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Feng Y, He W, Liu J et al (2014) A horizontal plug flow and stackable pilot microbial fuel cell for municipal wastewater treatment. Bioresour Technol 156:132–138.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.104 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fernando E, Keshavarz T, Kyazze G (2014) Complete degradation of the azo dye Acid Orange-7 and bioelectricity generation in an integrated microbial fuel cell, aerobic two-stage bioreactor system in continuous flow mode at ambient temperature. Bioresour Technol 156:155–162.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.01.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gajda I, Greenman J, Melhuish C et al (2014) Water formation at the cathode and sodium recovery using Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). Sustain Energy Technol Assess 7:187–194.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2014.05.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ghasemi M, Wan Daud WR, Ismail M et al (2013) Effect of pre-treatment and biofouling of proton exchange membrane on microbial fuel cell performance. Int J Hydrog Energy 38:5480–5484.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.09.148 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Habermann W, Pommer EH (1991) Biological fuel cells with sulphide storage capacity. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 35:128–133.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00180650 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Huang J, Yang P, Guo Y, Zhang K (2011) Electricity generation during wastewater treatment: an approach using an AFB-MFC for alcohol distillery wastewater. Desalination 276:373–378.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.03.077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kushwaha JP, Srivastava VC, Mall ID (2011) An overview of various technologies for the treatment of dairy wastewaters. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 51:442–452.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10408391003663879 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li X, Zhu N, Wang Y et al (2013) Animal carcass wastewater treatment and bioelectricity generation in up-flow tubular microbial fuel cells: effects of HRT and non-precious metallic catalyst. Bioresour Technol 128:454–460.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.10.053 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Liao Q, Zhang J, Li J et al (2014) Electricity generation and COD removal of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) operated with alkaline substrates. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:19349–19354.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.06.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu H, Logan BE (2004) Electricity generation using an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ Sci Technol 38:4040–4046.  https://doi.org/10.1021/Es0499344 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu H, Ramnarayanan R, Logan BE (2004) Production of electricity during wastewater treatment using a single chamber microbial fuel cell. Environ Sci Technol 38:2281–2285.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es034923g CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Logan BE, Murano C, Scott K et al (2005) Electricity generation from cysteine in a microbial fuel cell. Water Res 39:942–952.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2004.11.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Logan BE, Hamelers B, Rozendal R et al (2006) microbial fuel cells: methodology and technology. Environ Sci Technol 40:5181–5192.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es0605016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Min B, Logan BE (2004) Continuous electricity generation from domestic wastewater and organic substrates in a flat plate microbial fuel cell. Environ Sci Technol 38:5809–5814.  https://doi.org/10.1021/Es0491026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nasharudin MN, Kamarudin SK, Hasran UA, Masdar MS (2014) Mass transfer and performance of membrane-less micro fuel cell: a review. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:1039–1055.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.09.135 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Neoh CH, Noor ZZ, Mutamim NSA, Lim CK (2016) Green technology in wastewater treatment technologies: integration of membrane bioreactor with various wastewater treatment systems. Chem Eng J 283:582–594.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.07.060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pant D, Van Bogaert G, Diels L, Vanbroekhoven K (2010) A review of the substrates used in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) for sustainable energy production. Bioresour Technol 101:1533–1543.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.10.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pasupuleti SB, Srikanth S, Dominguez-Benetton X et al (2016) Dual gas diffusion cathode design for microbial fuel cell (MFC): optimizing the suitable mode of operation in terms of bioelectrochemical and bioelectro-kinetic evaluation. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 91:624–639.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4613 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rabaey K, Verstraete W (2005) Microbial fuel cells: novel biotechnology for energy generation. Trends Biotechnol 23:291–298.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2005.04.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rahimnejad M, Adhami A, Darvari S et al (2015) Microbial fuel cell as new technology for bioelectricity generation: a review. Alexandria Eng J 54:745–756.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2015.03.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rossi R, Jones D, Myung J et al (2019) Evaluating a multi-panel air cathode through electrochemical and biotic tests. Water Res 148:51–59.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2018.10.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sangeetha T, Guo Z, Liu W et al (2016) Cathode material as an influencing factor on beer wastewater treatment and methane production in a novel integrated upflow microbial electrolysis cell (Upflow-MEC). Int J Hydrog Energy 41:2189–2196.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.11.111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Saratale GD, Saratale RG, Shahid MK et al (2017) A comprehensive overview on electro-active biofilms, role of exo-electrogens and their microbial niches in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Chemosphere 178:534–547.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharma Y, Li B (2010) Optimizing energy harvest in wastewater treatment by combining anaerobic hydrogen producing biofermentor (HPB) and microbial fuel cell (MFC). Int J Hydrog Energy 35:3789–3797.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.01.042 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vázquez I, Rodríguez J, Marañón E et al (2006) Study of the aerobic biodegradation of coke wastewater in a two and three-step activated sludge process. J Hazard Mater 137:1681–1688.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.05.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang H, Jiang SC, Wang Y, Xiao B (2013) Substrate removal and electricity generation in a membrane-less microbial fuel cell for biological treatment of wastewater. Bioresour Technol 138:109–116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.03.172 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yoshizawa T, Miyahara M, Kouzuma A, Watanabe K (2014) Conversion of activated-sludge reactors to microbial fuel cells for wastewater treatment coupled to electricity generation. J Biosci Bioeng 118:533–539.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiosc.2014.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • W.-E. Thung
    • 1
    • 3
  • S.-A. Ong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • L.-N. Ho
    • 2
  • Y.-S. Wong
    • 1
  • F. Ridwan
    • 1
  • Y.-L. Oon
    • 1
  • Y.-S. Oon
    • 1
  • H. K. Lehl
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Research Group (WAREG), School of Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PerlisArauMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Materials EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PerlisArauMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built EnvironmentUCSI UniversityCheras, Kuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations