In this paper, effect of alkali-steam explosion pre-treatment on various agro-waste raw materials was evaluated for enhancing the quality of recycled paper. The alkali-steam explosion had a minimum cellulose reduction in the case of sugarcane bagasse (3.8 ± 0.21) and arecanut fibers (4.5 ± 0.83%) and identified as a good fiber sources for paper making in terms of strength and final quality of recycled papers. X-ray diffraction pattern study exhibited that there was an enhanced intensity of cellulose content. Coloring on recycled paper with natural pigments could be used as a packing material with bactericidal activity. This forms the first report on the application of stable pigments for value addition in paper industry which increases the marketability of recycled paper.
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Authors are thankful to Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and TNSCST for providing the Grant to facilitate the research [Sanction order no. DST/SSTP/TN/2 K 10/126(G) 13-09-2011]. The authors thank Management and Department of Botany and Microbiology, Lady Doak College, Madurai, India, for providing the facilities and supporting the work. NVK acknowledges the financial support of Science and Engineering Board (SERB), Government of India through National Post-Doctoral fellowship [PDF/2016/000438]. Authors acknowledge CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute for AFM analysis and Karunya University, Coimbatore, India, for XRD analysis.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Editorial responsibility: Ta Yeong Wu.
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Nathan, V.K., Rani, M.E., Rathinsamy, G. et al. Fabricating bio-active packing material made from alkali-steam exploded agro-waste using natural colorants. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 195–206 (2020) doi:10.1007/s13762-019-02387-3
- Arecanut husk
- Sugarcane bagasse
- Alternate fiber