Advertisement

Deep remediation and improvement of soil contaminated with residues oil using lime piles

  • M. O. KarkushEmail author
  • M. S. Abdulkareem
Original Paper
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

In the present study, the impacts of residues oil on the geotechnical properties of clayey soil have been investigated. The study also includes using lime piles for the remediation of the contaminated soil samples and measures the improvement in geotechnical properties of soil samples. The lime piles technique can be considered as one of the sustainable techniques used for deep remediation and improvement of soil. The residues oil is a by-product effluent from the fuel used in thermal electric power plant. The clayey soil samples are artificially contaminated by two types of contaminants: the first one consists of 49% residues oil, 21% kerosene, and 30% water, and the second consists of 70% residues oil and 30% kerosene. The soil samples are soaked in contaminants for 30 days to ensure the infiltration of contaminant deeply in the soil samples and almost completion of chemical reactions to get homogenous soil samples. Lime piles are prepared by mixing 15% of lime with dry soil weight and poured into the holes of 20 mm diameter and 500 mm length, where the remediation process continued for 30 days. The results of tests detected that lime piles technique have significant impacts on the chemical and engineering properties of contaminated soil samples, where the recovery in undrained shear strength ranged 26–34% and modulus of dynamic subgrade reaction ranged 25–34%, but slight effects on the compressibility of soil and rate of consolidation which ranged 3–4%, where increasing the permeability of soil samples have been noticed.

Keywords

Clayey soil Cyclic subgrade reaction Deep decontamination Geotechnical properties Lime Residues oil Soil decontamination 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all the staff at the Geotechnical Laboratory in the Civil Engineering Department at the University of Baghdad and the staff at the Geotechnical Laboratory in the Civil Engineering Department at the Mustaqbal University College.

References

  1. Akinwumi CE, Ewuim SC, Abajue MC (2014) Insects associated with decomposing pig carrions in Okija, Anambra State. Nigeria. Bioscientist 1(1):54–59Google Scholar
  2. AL-Hammadi SA, Al-Amer AM, Saleh TA (2018) Alumina-carbon nanofiber composite as a support for MoCo catalysts in hydrodesulfurization reactions. Chem Eng J 345:242–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Annual book of ASTM standards (2003) Soil and rock; building, stone, peats. American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM InternationalGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashok P, Reddy GS (2016) Lime pile technique for the improvement of properties of clay soil. Int J Sci Res (IJSR) 5(11):1204–1210Google Scholar
  5. Bergado DT, Anderson LR, Miura N, Balasubramaniam AS (1996) Soft ground improvement in lowland and other environments. ASCE, RestonGoogle Scholar
  6. Broms B (1999) Keynote lecture: design of lime, lime/cement and cement columns. In: International conference on dry mix methods: dry mix methods for deep soil stabilization, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 125–153Google Scholar
  7. Broms BG (2000) Lime and lime/columns. Summary and visions. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on ground improvement geosystems, keynotes lecture, Helsinki, June 7–9, pp 43–93Google Scholar
  8. Harbottle MJ, Al-Tabbaa A, Evans CW (2008) Sustainability of land remediation. Part 1: overall analysis. Proc ICE Geotech Eng 161(2):75–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Karkush MO, Kareem ZA (2017) Investigation the impacts of fuel oil on the geotechnical properties of cohesive soil. Eng J 21(4):127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kempfert HG (2003) Ground improvement methods with special emphasis on column-type techniques. In: Proceedings of international workshop on geotechnics of soft soils-theory and practice, pp 101–112Google Scholar
  11. Misra A, Basu D (2011) sustainability in geotechnical engineering, Internal Geotechnical Report 2011–2Google Scholar
  12. Moseley MP, Kirsch K (2004) Ground improvement. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  13. Ochepo J, Salahudeen AB (2013) Effect of oil contamination on lime and cement stabilized soil for pavement structures. In: 2013 conference proceedings, nigerian institution of civil engineers, pp 43–53Google Scholar
  14. Oluremi JR, Osuolale OM (2014) Oil contaminated soil as potential applicable material in civil engineering construction. J Environ Earth Sci 4(10):87–99Google Scholar
  15. Rao NK (2010) Foundation design: theory and practice. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  16. Saleh TA (2015) Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies on Hg(II) adsorption from aqueous solution by silica-multiwall carbon nanotubes. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22(21):16721–16731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saleh TA (2017) Advanced nanomaterials for water engineering, treatment, and hydraulics (advances in environmental engineering and green technologies), 1st edn. IGI Global, Pennsylvania. ISBN-13: 978-1522521365Google Scholar
  18. Saleh TA, Ali I (2018) Synthesis of polyamide grafted carbon microspheres for removal of rhodamine B dye and heavy metals. J Environ Chem Eng 6(4):5361–5368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Saleh TA, Gupta VK (2016) Nanomaterial and polymer membranes: synthesis, characterization, and applications. Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN-13: 978–0128047033Google Scholar
  20. Saleh TA, Sarı A, Tuzen M (2017a) Optimization of parameters with experimental design for the adsorption of mercury using polyethylenimine modified-activated carbon. J Environ Chem Eng 5(1):1079–1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Saleh TA, Tuzen M, Sarı A (2017b) Magnetic activated carbon loaded with tungsten oxide nanoparticles for aluminum removal from waters. J Environ Chem Eng 5(3):2853–2860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schifano V, Thurston N (2010) Remediation of a clay contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons using soil reagent mixing. In: Proceedings of the annual international conference on soils, sediments, water and energy, vol 12(1) p 27Google Scholar
  23. Standard B.S, 1377 (1975) Methods of testing soils for civil engineering purpose. British Standards Institute, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BaghdadBaghdadIraq

Personalised recommendations