Integrating GIS and multi-criteria decision analysis for landfill site selection, case study: Javanrood County in Iran

  • H. Karimi
  • S. Amiri
  • J. Huang
  • A. Karimi
Original Paper


The current study presents the integration of geographical information system (GIS) and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) for municipal landfill site selection, a case example in Iran. In the first step, useful criteria were determined based on the literature review, national standards and regulations, expert opinion, data availability and regional characteristics. Several criteria including distance from groundwater resources, distance from surface water, distance from urban and rural areas, distance from protected areas, land use, distance from faults, distance from roads and the slope were selected, and a hierarchical structure was formed for landfill suitability. The maps of the criteria were prepared using ArcGIS 10.2. Using different fuzzy membership functions, the maps were standardized. An AHP-based pairwise comparison was applied to calculate the weights of the parameters, and standardized maps were overplayed using the weighted layer combination approach to gain the landfill suitability map in the study area. The final map was assorted into four suitability classes, i.e., high, moderate, low and unsuitable regions. The result indicates that almost 92% of the study area is inappropriate and cannot be considered as landfill. The comprehensive field visits were performed to further assessment, and finally, three candidate sites were suggested. The result illustrated that an integrating approach of GIS and MCDA is effective in landfill site selection.


Municipal solid waste Landfill GIS MCDA WLC 



This study was financially supported by Javanrood Municipality.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical, Faculty of EngineeringKoya UniversityKurdistan RegionIraq
  2. 2.Expert of Environment and Water Quality Bureau, Deputy for Conservation and OperationKermanshah Regional Water AuthorityKermanshahIran
  3. 3.Coastal and Ocean Management InstituteXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  4. 4.Islamic Azad University, Science and Research BranchTehranIran

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