The current study presents the integration of geographical information system (GIS) and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) for municipal landfill site selection, a case example in Iran. In the first step, useful criteria were determined based on the literature review, national standards and regulations, expert opinion, data availability and regional characteristics. Several criteria including distance from groundwater resources, distance from surface water, distance from urban and rural areas, distance from protected areas, land use, distance from faults, distance from roads and the slope were selected, and a hierarchical structure was formed for landfill suitability. The maps of the criteria were prepared using ArcGIS 10.2. Using different fuzzy membership functions, the maps were standardized. An AHP-based pairwise comparison was applied to calculate the weights of the parameters, and standardized maps were overplayed using the weighted layer combination approach to gain the landfill suitability map in the study area. The final map was assorted into four suitability classes, i.e., high, moderate, low and unsuitable regions. The result indicates that almost 92% of the study area is inappropriate and cannot be considered as landfill. The comprehensive field visits were performed to further assessment, and finally, three candidate sites were suggested. The result illustrated that an integrating approach of GIS and MCDA is effective in landfill site selection.
Municipal solid waste Landfill GIS MCDA WLC
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
This study was financially supported by Javanrood Municipality.
Aydi A, Zairi M, Dhia HB (2013) Minimization of environmental risk of landfill site using fuzzy logic, analytical hierarchy process, and weighted linear combination methodology in a geographic information system environment. Environ Earth Sci 68:1375–1389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-1836-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Demesouka OE, Vavatsikos AP, Anagnostopoulosa KP, Eleftheriosb S (2013) Suitability analysis for siting MSW landfills and its multicriteria spatial decision support system: method, implementation and case study. Waste Manag 33(2013):1190–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Demesouka OE, Anagnostopoulosa KP, Eleftherios S (2019) Spatial multicriteria decision support for robust land-use suitability: the case of landfill site selection in Northeastern Greece. Eur J Oper Res 272(2):574–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Department of the Environment (2011) Environmental regulations and standards (in Farsi)Google Scholar
Kharlamova MD, Mada SY, Grachev VA (2016) Landfills: Problems, Solutions, and Deсision Making Of Waste Disposal In Harare (Zimbabwe). Biosci Biotech Res Asia 13(1)Google Scholar
Khorram A, Yousefi M, Alavi SA, Farsi J (2015) Convenient landfill site selection by using fuzzy logic and geographic information systems: a case study in Bardaskan, East of Iran. Health Scope 4(1):e19383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marin LE, Torres V, Bolongaro A, Reyna JA, Pohle O, Hernández-Espriú A, Chavarría J, García-Barrios R, Tabla HF (2012) Identifying suitable sanitary landfill locations in the state of Morelos, México, using a geographic information system. Phys Chem Earth 37–39:2–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2011.12.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moeinaddini M, Khorasani N, Danehkar A, Darvishsefat AA, Zienalyan M (2010) Siting MSW landfill using weighted linear combination and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) methodology in GIS environment (case study: Karaj). Waste Manag 30:912–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nazari A, Salarirad MM, Bazzazi AA (2012) Landfill site selection by decision- making tools based on fuzzymulti-attribute decision-making method. Environ Earth Sci 65:1631–1642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sieif S, Karimi H, Soffianian A, Pourmanafi S (2016) GIS-based multi criteria evaluation for thermal power plant site selection in Kahnuj County, SE Iran. Civ Eng Infrastruct J (CEIJ) 11(50):179–189Google Scholar