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Groundwater quality around municipal solid waste dump in Tiruchirappalli (South India)

  • D. Justus Reymond
  • J. S. Sudarsan
  • R. Annadurai
  • S. NithiyananthamEmail author
Original Paper
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

Physicochemical analysis was performed on 32 groundwater samples around the municipal solid waste dump yard, Ariyamangalam, Tiruchirappalli. The dump yard is 12 km from the city dumping that is around 500 tons per day. The parameters such as TDS, turbidity, alkalinity, pH, Mg, NH3, \( {\text{NO}}_{3}^{ - } \), \( {\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - } \), total hardness, Na, K, F, Cl, SO42−, BOD and COD were tested using standard testing procedures according to IS 3025. The obtained values were compared with BIS 10500. The WQI has been calculated using AW method, and statistical analysis such as variance, standard deviation, correlation, histogram with its distribution and principal component analysis has been performed using SPSS 16.0. The spatial variation of the parameters has been interpolated by using geographical information system as a platform. Using GIS interpolation, the values at the location where the data are not known can be inferred with the known set of values. ArcGIS 9.3 software has been used as an effective tool for the spatial variation mappings. The results suggested the need for adjusting factors managing the solid waste that leads to reduce the leachate contamination of groundwater with repeated monitoring of groundwater quality and leachate percolation.

Keywords

Leachate Water quality Dump yard Solid waste 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Management and Authorities, SRM University, Tamil Nadu, India, for providing the necessary facility to complete this work in a successive manner.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Justus Reymond
    • 1
  • J. S. Sudarsan
    • 2
  • R. Annadurai
    • 1
  • S. Nithiyanantham
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringSRM UniversityKattankulathur, KanchipuramIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Construction Management and Research (NICMAR)PuneIndia
  3. 3.Research Department of Physics (Ultrasonic/NDT and Bio-Physics Divisions)Thiru.Vi.Kalyanasundaram Govt Arts and Science CollegeThiruvarurIndia

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