Advertisement

Efficient teff-straw based biocomposites with chitosan and alginate for pyridine removal

  • A. B. Bageru
  • V. C. SrivastavaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

In the present study, biocomposites prepared from agro-based biomass were investigated for pyridine adsorption from water. Biosilica, synthesised from teff straw at ashing temperature of 900 °C, was blended with chitosan and alginate to obtain chitosan–biosilica (ChiBS) and alginate–biosilica (AlgBS). Pyridine removal efficiency was found to be affected by the adsorption parameters namely initial pyridine concentration, contact time, pH, biocomposite dosage and temperature. The optimum conditions were contact time of 240 min and biocomposite dosage of 2 g/L for both the composites, whereas optimum pH for AlgBS and ChiBS was 8.0 and 4.0, respectively. Maximum removal efficiency for initial pyridine concentration of 50 mg/L was 96 and 90%, respectively. Adsorption equilibrium data were analysed with common adsorption isotherms and kinetics equations. Langmuir model well-fitted the equilibrium data and the pseudo-second-order fitted the pyridine adsorption rate data. Furthermore, the calculated thermodynamic parameteric values indicated physical adsorption to be dominant on both ChiBS and AlgBS, and the pyridine adsorption to be endothermic in nature.

Keywords

Biosorption Biosilica Thermodynamics Biomass Kinetics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Mr. A.B. Bageru is thankful to the Ministry of Education, Government of Ethiopia, for providing financial sponsorship to do the present work in India.

References

  1. Abdel-Ghani NT, Hefny M, El-Chaghaby GAF (2007) Removal of lead from aqueous solution using low cost abundantly available adsorbents. Int J Environ Sci Technol 4:67–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmed MJK, Ahmaruzzaman M (2016) Investigation on the effective remediation of quinoline at solid/solution interface using modified agricultural waste: an inclusive study. Int J Environ Sci Technol 13:1177–1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bai Y, Sun Q, Xing R, Wen D, Tang X (2010) Removal of pyridine and quinoline by bio-zeolite composed of mixed degrading bacteria and modified zeolite. J Hazard Mater 181:916–922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baker RA (1963) Threshold odors of organic chemicals. J Am Water Works Assoc 55(7):913–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baker RA, Luh MD (1971) Pyridine sorption from aqueous solution by montmorillonite and kaolinite. Water Res 5(10):839–848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhatia M, Satish Babu R, Sonawane SH, Gogate PR, Girdhar A, Reddy ER, Pola M (2017) Application of nanoadsorbents for removal of lead from water. Int J Environ Sci Technol 14:1135–1154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coradin T, Livage J (2003) Synthesis and characterization of alginate/silica biocomposites. J Sol–Gel Sci Technol 26:1165–1168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dubey A, Mishra A, Singhal S (2014) Application of dried plant biomass as novel low-cost adsorbent for removal of cadmium from aqueous solution. Int J Environ Sci Technol 11:1043–1050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. El-Latif M, Ibrahim A, Showman M, Hamide R (2013) Alumina/iron oxide nano composite for cadmium ions removal from aqueous solutions. Int J Nonferrous Metall 2:47–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Esmaeili A, Aghababai Beni A (2015) Biosorption of nickel and cobalt from plant effluent by Sargassum glaucescens nanoparticles at new membrane reactor. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:2055–2064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Freundlich HMF (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–471Google Scholar
  12. Ho YS, McKay G (1998) A comparison of chemisorption kinetic models applied to pollutant removal on various sorbents. Process Safety Environ Protec 76(4):332–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Comparative sorption kinetic studies of dye and aromatic compounds onto fly ash. J Environ Sci Health Part A 34:1179–1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Iqbal J, Wattoo FH, Wattoo MHS, Malik R, Tirmizi SA, Imran M, Ghangro AB (2011) Adsorption of acid yellow dye on flakes of chitosan prepared from fishery wastes. Arab J Chem 4(4):389–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kalapathy U, Proctor A, Shultz J (2000) A simple method for production of pure silica from rice hull ash. Bioresour Technol 73:257–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim MJ, Park SM, Song SJ, Won J, Lee JY, Yoon M, Kim K, Seo G (2011) Adsorption of pyridine onto the metal organic framework MIL-101. J Colloid Interface Sci 361(2):612–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lataye DH, Mishra IM, Mall ID (2006) Removal of pyridine from aqueous solution by adsorption on bagasse fly ash. Ind Eng Chem Res 45:3934–3943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lataye DH, Mishra IM, Mall ID (2008) Pyridine sorption from aqueous solution by rice husk ash (RHA) and granular activated carbon (GAC): parametric, kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic aspects. J Hazard Mater 154:858–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li J, Cai W, Cai J (2009) The characteristics and mechanisms of pyridine biodegradation by Streptomyces sp. J Hazard Mater 165:950–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mahmoodi NM (2011) Equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics of dye removal using alginate in binary systems. J Chem Eng Data 56:2802–2811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mall ID, Srivastava VC, Agarwal NK, Mishra IM (2005) Removal of congo red from aqueous solution by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses. Chemosphere 61(4):492–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mohan D, Singh KP, Sinha S, Gosh D (2004) Removal of pyridine from aqueous solution using low cost activated carbons derived from agricultural waste materials. Carbon 42:2409–2421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mohan D, Singh KP, Sinha S, Gosh D (2005) Removal of pyridine derivatives from aqueous solution by activated carbons developed from agricultural waste materials. Carbon 43:1680–1693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mondal DK, Nandi BK, Purkait MK (2013) Removal of mercury(II) from aqueous solution using bamboo leaf powder: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies. J Environ Chem Eng 1:891–898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Muthu Prabhu S, Meenakshi S (2014) Synthesis of metal ion loaded silica gel/chitosan biocomposite and its fluoride uptake studies from water. J Water Process Eng 3:144–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Niu J, Conway BE (2002) Development of techniques for purification of waste waters: removal of pyridine from aqueous solution by adsorption at high-area C-cloth electrodes using in situ optical spectrometry. J Electroanal Chem 521:16–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Özcan A, Öncü EM, Özcan AS (2006) Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamic studies of adsorption of Acid Blue 193 from aqueous solutions onto natural sepiolite. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 277:90–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Park D, Yun Y-S, Park JM (2010) The past, present, and future trends of biosorption. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 15:86–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roosen J, Pype J, Binnemans K, Mullens S (2015) Shaping of alginate−silica hybrid materials into microspheres through vibrating-nozzle technology and their use for the recovery of neodymium from aqueous solutions. Ind Eng Chem Res 54:12836–12846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sabah E, Celik MS (2002) Interaction of pyridine derivatives with sepiolite. J Colloid Interface Sci 251:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Seki Y, Yurdakoç K (2006) Adsorption of promethazine hydrochloride with KSF montmorillonite. Adsorption 12:89–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shukla A, Zhang YH, Dubey P, Margrave JL, Shukla SS (2002) The role of sawdust in the removal of unwanted materials from water. J Hazard Mater 95:137–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Singh K, Chandra B, Rhyman L, Ramasami P (2016) Effective adsorption of pyridine (Py) onto mesoporous silica derived from de-oiled mustard cake (DOMC): experimental and theoretical study. J Environ Chem Eng 4:1383–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tempkin MJ, Pyzhev V (1940) Recent modifications to Langmuir isotherms. Acta Physiochim URSS 12:217–225Google Scholar
  36. Yu Y, Zhuang Y-Y, Wang Z-H (2001) Adsorption of water-soluble dye onto functionalized resin. J Colloid Interface Sci 242:288–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhu Q, Moggridge GD, Ainte M, Mantle MD, Gladden LF, D’Agostino C (2016) Adsorption of pyridine from aqueous solutions by polymeric adsorbents MN 200 and MN 500. Part 1: adsorption performance and PFGNMR studies. Chem Eng J 306:67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations