Assessment of hexavalent chromium biosorption using biodiesel extracted seeds of Jatropha sp., Ricinus sp. and Pongamia sp.

  • S. RangabhashiyamEmail author
  • S. Sayantani
  • P. Balasubramanian
Original Paper


Biosorbents from the biomass of Jatropha sp. (JES), Ricinus sp. (RES) and Pongamia sp. (PES) biodiesel extracted seeds were used in natural form for the elimination of hexavalent chromium. The study performed by varying the parameters of biosorbents size, solution pH, biosorbents dosage, metal concentration, contact time and temperature. The equilibrium data were correlated with two parameter isotherm models. Biosorption isotherm modeling showed that the biosorption data better explained by the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum monolayer biosorption capacities of 28.57, 19.60 and 27.77 mg/g for JES, RES and PES, respectively. The applicability of pseudo-second-order kinetics was observed in all the three biosorbents. The results of thermodynamic analysis showed that the biosorption of Cr(VI) ions onto JES, RES and PES was spontaneous in nature. Cr(VI)-loaded biosorbents were evaluated for a recycle studies with 0.1 M NaOH solution. Experiments conducted using Cr(VI) solution along with the coexisting ions demonstrated that the presence of co-ions slightly reduced the biosorption capacities of the JES and RES. Results of current research demonstrated that the JES, RES and PES could be used for the elimination of hexavalent chromium from aqueous system.

Graphical Abstract


De-oiled biomass Biosorption Cr(VI) Thermogravimetry Isotherms 



The authors sincerely acknowledge the Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, India, for the award of postdoctoral research Grant (PDF/2016/000284). The authors would like to thank the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, for the research facility.

List of symbols


Equilibrium biosorption capacity (mg/g)


Initial Cr(VI) concentration (mg/L)


Cr(VI) concentration at equilibrium (mg/L)


Volume of the Cr(VI) solution (L)


Dry weight of the biosorbent (g)


Biosorption capacity from Langmuir isotherm model (mg/g)


Langmuir equilibrium constant (L/mg)


Dimensionless equilibrium separation factor


Freundlich isotherm biosorption capacity (mg/g)


Biosorption intensity


Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherm maximum biosorption capacity (mg/g)


Activity coefficient related to mean biosorption energy (mol2/J2)


Polanyi potential of Dubinin–Radushkevich model


Temperature (K)


Mean biosorption energy (kJ/mol)


Halsey isotherm model constant


Halsey model exponent


Flory–Huggins equilibrium constant


Flory–Huggins model exponent


Degree of surface coverage


Temkin constant (kJ/mol)


Equilibrium binding constant (L/g)


Maximum multilayer biosorption capacity in Jovanovic model (mg/g)


Jovanovic isotherm constant (L/g)


Pseudo-first-order biosorption rate constant (1/min)


Pseudo-second-order biosorption rate constant (g/mg min)


Intraparticle diffusion model rate constant (mg/g min1/2)


Intercept of Intraparticle diffusion model (mg/g)


Gibbs free energy (kJ/mol)


Enthalpy change (kJ/mol)


Entropy change (kJ/mol K)


Distribution coefficient


Coefficient of determination


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Rangabhashiyam
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. Sayantani
    • 2
  • P. Balasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and Medical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology RourkelaRourkelaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology RourkelaRourkelaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology, School of Chemical and BiotechnologySASTRA UniversityThanjavurIndia

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