Solid-phase extraction with injection of modified silica gel slurries into ETAAS for determination of Cu(II), Hg(II), Pd(II)
- 30 Downloads
Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with injections of slurry samples was used to determine Cu(II), Hg(II), and Pd(II) in natural and drinking waters after solid-phase extraction with modified silica gels. The formation regularities of the analytical signals of elements in the presence of excessive sorbent solid phase were studied. The solid phase of slurries under analysis (amorphous silicon dioxide with a particle size from 40 to 60 µm) favors the formation of a high (and sometimes uncorrected) background absorption. The conditions for the correct measurements of analytical signals of analytes elements: platform atomization, slurry concentration, peak height measurements, method for calibration curve plotting, and its linearity range, were determined. The preconcentration factor calculated as the weight ratio between analytes in a graphite furnace injected as a sorbent slurry after concentration and as a starting water sample (the injection volumes were identical) was 615. The limits of detection according to the 3σ concept were 1.5 ng/dm3 for Cu, 5 ng/dm3 for Pd, and 18 ng/dm3 for Hg. The developed method was applied with success upon determination of elements in real water samples using aqueous standard solutions and the ERM CA022a “Soft Drinking Water UK Metals”-certified reference samples of drinking water.
KeywordsElectrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry Slurry sample Solid-phase extraction
This work were supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project No. 16-03-00146), by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science (Project No. 4.4892.2017/8.9). This work was accomplished with the use of scientific equipment of the Collective Employment Centre «Ecoanalytical Centre», Kuban State University (RFMEFI59317X0008).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- Cal-Prieto MJ, Felipe-Sotelo M, Carlosena A, Andrad JM, Lopez-Mahia P, Muniategui S, Fernandes E, Prada D (2002) Slurry sampling for the direct analysis of solid materials by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). A literature reviews from 1990 to 2000. Talanta 56:1–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Guidelines for drinking-water quality—4th ed http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44584/9789241548151_eng.pdf;jsessionid=D3485B3710F8283621DB2DD1A78231A9?sequence=1
- Konshina DN, Temerdashev ZA, Konshin VV (2017) Selective extraction of Pd (II) by silica gels with covalently linked formazans group. Russ J Phys Chem A 91:1924–1931Google Scholar
- Kurfust U (ed) (1998) Solid sample analysis: direct and slurry sampling using GF-AAS and ETV-ICP. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Liu G, Cai Y, Odriscoll N (2012) Environmental chemistry and toxicology of mercury. A Jonh Wiley and Sons Inc, Publication, pp 570–574Google Scholar
- Mendez JA, Garcia JB, Martin SG, Crecente RMP, Lattore CH (2015) Determination of cadmium and lead in urine samples after dispersive solid–liquid extraction on multiwalled carbon nanotubes by slurry sampling electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta B 106:13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Merget R (1999) Occupation platinum salt allergy. Diagnosis, prognosis, prevention and therapy. Springer, Berlin, pp 257–266Google Scholar
- Perkin-Elmer (2008) Atomic spectroscopy: a guide to selecting the appropriate technique and systemGoogle Scholar
- Shiowatana J, Siripinyanond A, Waiyawat W, Nilmanee S (1999) Determination of total mercury in natural gas liquid and condensate by carbon absorption and slurry sampling ETAAS. At Spectrosc 20:224–229Google Scholar
- National Recommended Water Quality Criteria—Aquatic Life Criteria https://www.epa.gov/wqc/national-recommended-water-quality-criteria-aquatic-life-criteria-table
- Water quality—Application of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)—Part 2: Determination of 62 elements https://www.iso.org/standard/36127.html