Municipal solid waste characterization and household waste behaviors in a megacity in the northwest of Iran

  • Kh. Zoroufchi Benis
  • A. Safaiyan
  • D. Farajzadeh
  • F. Khalili Nadji
  • M. ShakerkhatibiEmail author
  • H. Harati
  • G. H. Safari
  • M. H. Sarbazan
Original Paper


Improper solid waste management poses adverse health effects and pollution challenges in both developed and developing countries. The present study is aimed to evaluate the fate of municipal solid waste (MSW) and household waste behaviors in Tabriz megacity. A questionnaire survey was performed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of residents toward MSW reduction, source separation, recycling and collection. The results indicated that food wastes make up the highest portion of MSW, and high moisture content of waste leads to low heating value which is below than average heating value for applicability of incineration. Potentially recyclable wastes such as paper and cardboard, plastics, metals, textiles, glass, wood and others make up a total of 33% of the household solid wastes. Investigation of the fate of MSW revealed that about 55.5% of generated waste ends up in landfill sites, 20.5% is separated by itinerant buyers and separation facility just before landfilling, and 24% is converted into compost. The evaluation of resident’s behaviors toward MSW demonstrated the low knowledge of respondents and their high willingness to segregate solid wastes.


Municipal solid waste management Source separation Waste characterization KAP 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to Student Research Committee of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences for their supports.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval and informed consent

The present research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (IR.TBZMED.REC.1390.108). We fully explained the objectives and methods of the study to the participants and obtained written informed consent.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kh. Zoroufchi Benis
    • 1
  • A. Safaiyan
    • 2
  • D. Farajzadeh
    • 3
  • F. Khalili Nadji
    • 4
  • M. Shakerkhatibi
    • 5
    Email author
  • H. Harati
    • 6
  • G. H. Safari
    • 5
  • M. H. Sarbazan
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Research CenterSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of HealthTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological SciencesAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran
  4. 4.Student Research CommitteeTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  5. 5.Health and Environment Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  6. 6.Waste Management OrganizationTabriz Municipality, TabrizIran

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