Exploring urban resilience thinking for its application in urban planning: a review of literature

  • M. R. Masnavi
  • F. Gharai
  • M. HajibandehEmail author


Environmental and urban problems are rooted in both ecology and urbanism contexts. The main issue in this regard is to plan, design and manage urban settlements where human beings would be able to have the desirable quality of life according to sustainable principles. The increase in social, economic and spatial vulnerabilities in cities, and the excess of degradation factors of natural environment resources show the necessity of considering resilience thinking. This paper aims to apply resilience thinking to urban studies and to identify the required basis for further research on urban resilience through a descriptive analytical review of the theoretical literature. A recent research on urban resilience in urbanization, which is a novel topic in urban resilience studies is addressed in this article. This paper aimed at introducing indices of urban resilience through a particular approach to the relationship between urban form and urban resilience. Given the literature review of urban resilience, our results show that while most research topics rely on environmental dimensions and reduction in natural hazards, such as global warming and climate change, the need for further research on spatial morphology and urban spatial structures is evident. Furthermore, additional research is needed to explore the criteria of urban resilience measurement specifically in the locational-spatial aspect.


Resilience thinking Urban resilience Urban planning Urban system 



The authors would like to thank the editor and two anonymous reviewers who allowed us to improve this article.

Authors’ contribution

This paper presents part of the findings of Mona Hajjibanda’s Ph.D. dissertation titled “Developing the theoretical and conceptual framework of urban resilience for its application in urban planning focusing on urban spatial organization case study: Tehran city,” at the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Development, Tehran University of Art, under direction of Dr. Fariba Gharei (as a supervisor) and Prof. Mohammad Reza Masnavi (as an advisor). The authors contributed equally to this work and declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Architecture and Urban StudiesArt University of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Architecture and Urban StudiesArt University of TehranTehranIran

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