Analysis of drivers for green supply chain management adaptation in a fertilizer industry of Punjab (India)

  • M. SinghEmail author
  • C. S. Jawalkar
  • S. Kant
Original Paper


People from all walks of life sharing all types of thoughts exchange one collective challenge, which is ‘starvation’, and it needs ‘food’ for existence. Fertilizers shall carry on playing an important part in meeting this ‘everlasting challenge.’ Needless to say that green supply chain management has countless significance in the ‘fertilizer sector’. There are incredible monetary and ecological opportunities for development in the supply chains of fertilizer plants. Manufacturing of fertilizers caused some pollution, which manifests all through its supply chain in the form of losses. The additional need of fertilizers in agricultural sector must primarily ensure food safety and environmental protection. Through this research paper, an effort has been made to express a model of twelve governing drivers which play an important role in the execution of green supply chain management for the fertilizer plant in Punjab, India. The methodology used in the analysis of drivers was ‘Interpretive Structural Modeling,’ and ‘Matriced Impacts Croises Multiplication Applique and Classment analysis’ was applied for improved understanding of all these drivers. The analysis proved that Government Regulatory System was a key driver for the implementation of green supply chain management practices. It would further help the management to focus on the main drivers in the execution of such environment friendly practices.


Green supply chain management Interpretive structural modeling Ecological Manufacturing Pollution control and regulatory practices 



The authors sincerely thank the engineers of ‘National Fertilizer Limited,’ Naya Nangal of Punjab (India) for their earnest support and expert opinions.


  1. Ahmad N, Awan MU, Raouf A (2009) Development of a service quality scale for pharmaceutical supply chains. Int J Pharm Healthc Marketing 1(1):26–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akhtar E (2014) Determinants of ethical supply chain management in fertilizers sector of Pakistan. Int J Manag Adm Sci (IJMAS) 2(4):1–9Google Scholar
  3. Al Khidir T, Zailani S (2009) Going Green in supply chain towards Environmental Sustainability. Glob J Environ Res 3(3):246–251Google Scholar
  4. Alhola KP (2008) Promoting environmentally sound furniture by green public procurement. Ecol Econ 68(1–2):472–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen D, Bras B, Gutowski T, Murphy C, Sutherland C, Wolff E (2002) Environmentally benign manufacturing: Trends in Europe, Japan, and the USA. J Manuf Sci Eng 124:908–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beamon BM (1999) Designing the green supply chain. Logist Inf Manag 12(4):332–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bearing Point Supply Chain Magazine (2008) How mature is the green supply chain?’ (source: http://www.bearing, doi 12 Jan. 2017)
  8. Bofinger-Baresel ACR et al (2011) Role of green knowledge in the environmental transformation of the supply chain: the case of Greek manufacturing. Int J Knowl Based Dev 2(1):107–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cabral V, Winden WV (2016) Coworking: an analysis of coworking strategies for interaction and innovation. Int J Knowl Based Dev 7(4):357–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carvalho H, Azevedo SG, Cruz-Machado V (2010) Supply chain performance management: lean and green paradigms. Int J Bus Perform Supply Chain Model 2(3/4):304–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chen YS (2008) The drivers of green innovation and green image—green core competence. Journal of Bussiness Ethics 81(3):531–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chien MK, Shih LH (2007) An empirical study of the implementation of green supply chain management practices in the electrical and electronic industry and their relation to organizational performances. Int J Environ Sci Technol 4(3):383–394Google Scholar
  13. Cooper J (1994) Green logistics, European logistics: markets, management and strategy. Blackwell Business Report, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  14. Diabat A, Govindan K (2011) An analysis of the drivers affecting the implementation of green supply chain management. Resour Conserv Recycl 55(6):659–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Digalwar AK, Metri BA (2004) Performance measurement framework for world—class manufacturing. Int J Appl Manag Technol 3(2):83–101Google Scholar
  16. Gant RM (1996) Prospering in dynamically-competitive environments: organizational capability as knowledge integration. Organizational Science 7(4):375–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. García Meza CJ, Garza Leal MA (2012) The MAKC index: using logistic regression modeling for predicting most admired knowledge Cities. Int J Knowl Based Dev 3(1):83–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gilbert S (2000) Greening supply chain: enhancing competitiveness through green productivity. Report of the top forum on enhancing competitiveness through green productivity held in the Republic of China, 25–27 May, 2000. ISBN: 92-833-2290-8Google Scholar
  19. Gorane SJ, Kant R (2013) Supply chain management: modeling the enablers using ISM and fuzzy MICMAC approach. Int J Logist Syst Manag 16(2):147–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gutowski M (2001) Environmentally benign manufacturing and eco-materials; product induced material flows. Journal of Advanced Sciences 13(3):43–54Google Scholar
  21. Hamel G, Prahalad CK (1989) Strategic intent. Harvard Bus Rev 67:63e76Google Scholar
  22. Henriques I, Sadorsky P (1999) The relationship between environmental commitment and managerial perceptions of stakeholder importance. Acad Manag J 42(1):87–99Google Scholar
  23. Ho CF, Chi YP, Tai YM (2005) A structural approach to measuring uncertainty in supply chains. Int J Electron Commer 9(3):91–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ho JC, Shalishali MK, Tseng TL, David SD (2009) Opportunities in green supply chain management. The Coastal Business Journal 8(1):18–31Google Scholar
  25. Hosseini A (2007) Identification of Green Management of system’s factors: a conceptualized model. Int J Manag Sci Eng Manag 2(3):221–228Google Scholar
  26. Hsu CW, Hu AH (2008) Green supply chain management in the electronic industry. Int J Sci Technol 5(2):205–216Google Scholar
  27. Indian fertilizer scenario (2013)
  28. Kannan G, Haq AN, Sasikumar P, Aarunachalam S (2008) Analysis and selection of green suppliers using interpretive structural modeling and analytic hierarchy process. Int J Manag Decis Making 9(2):163–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kannan G, Pokharel S, Sasikumar P (2009) A hybrid approach using ISM and fuzzy TOPSIS for the selection of reverse logistics provider. Resour Conserv Recycl 54:28–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lee SY (2008) Drivers for the participation of small and medium-sized suppliers’ in green supply chain initiatives. Supply Chain Management International Journal 13:185–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lin YC (2007) Adoption of green supply in Taiwan logistic industry. Journal of management study 2:90–98Google Scholar
  32. Lin CYY, Edvinsson L (2012) National intellectual capital model and measurement. Int J Knowl Based Dev 3(1):58–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lin YC, Ho HY (2008) An empirical study on logistics services provider, intention to adopt green innovations. J Technol Manag Innov 3(1):17–26Google Scholar
  34. MacKillop (2009) Going green is a great way to market your business startup, (
  35. Mathiyazhagan K (2013) An ISM approach for the barrier analysis in implementing green supply chain management. J Clean Prod 47:283–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mellor RB (2016) Computer modeling for the costs of management control in the development of knowledge-based SMEs. Int J Knowl Based Dev 7(4):378–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mudgal RK, Shankar R, Talib P, Raj T (2009) Greening the supply chain practices: an Indian perspective of enablers relationship. Int J Adv Oper Manag 1(2 and 3):151–176Google Scholar
  38. Mudgal RK, Shankar R, Talib P, Raj T (2010) Modeling the barriers of GSCM: an Indian perspective. Int J Logist Syst Manag 7(1):81–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Nilsson F, Gammelgaard B (2012) Moving beyond the systems approach in SCM and logistics research. Int J Phys Distrib Logist Manag 42(8):764–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Perron P (2005) A note on the finite sample power function of the dynamic cusum and cusum of squares tests, Manuscript in preparation. Department of Economics, Boston University, BostonGoogle Scholar
  41. Purba R (2002) Greening the supply chain a new initiative in south–east. Int J Oper Prod Manag 22(6):632–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Qureshi MN, Kumar D, Kumar P (2007) Modeling the logistics outsourcing relationship variables to enhance shippers productivity and competitiveness in logistical supply chain. Int J Prod Perform Manag 56(8):689–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Raj T, Shankar R, Suhaib M (2010) An ISM approach for modeling the enablers of flexible manufacturing system: the case for India. Int J Prod Res 46(24):6883–6912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rao P (2007) Greening of the supply chain: an empirical study for SMEs in the Philippine context. J Asia Bus Stud 1(2):55–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rao P, Holt D (2005) Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance? Int J Oper Prod Manag 25(9):898–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ravi V, Shankar R (2005) Analysis of interactions among the barriers of reverse logistics. Technol Forecast Soc Chang 72(8):1011–1029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Reijonen S (2011) Environmentally friendly consumer: from determinism to emergence. Int J Consum Stud 35(4):403–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sarkar A, Mohapatra PK (2006) Evaluation of supplier capability and performance: a method for supply, (http://www.industryweek. com/articles/green manufacturing an inconvenient reality 3938.aspx)
  49. Scupola A (2003) The adoption of internet commerce by SMEs in the South of Italy: an environmental, technological and organizational perspective. J Glob Inf Technol Manag 6(1):52–71Google Scholar
  50. Seuring S (2004) Integrated chain management and supply chain management comparative analysis and illustrative cases. J Clean Prod 12:1059e1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sharma S (2000) Managerial interpretations and organizational context as predictors of corporate choice of environmental strategy. Acad Manag J 43(4):681–697Google Scholar
  52. Singh MD, Kant R (2008) Knowledge management barriers: an interpretive structural modeling approach. Int J Manag Sci Eng Manag 3(2):141–150Google Scholar
  53. Singh P et al (2017) An era of changing the environmental condition by green supply chain management. Int J Res Granthaalayah 5(1):144–162Google Scholar
  54. Srivastav KS (2007) Green supply-chain management: a state-of-the-art literature review. Int J Manag Rev 9(1):53–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Stevels A (2002) Green supply chain management much more than questionnaires and ISO 14001, IEEE, 96-100. World and id = 1816886Google Scholar
  56. Tremblay DG (2016) Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organizations as a knowledge sharing strategy? Int J Knowl Based Dev 7(4):336–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tsai W, Ghoshal S (1998) Social capital and value creation: the role of intra firm networks. Acad Manag J 41(4):464–476Google Scholar
  58. Urban R (2009) Innovating green how to beat the competition.—How-to-beat-the-competition-in-an-uncertain-
  59. Van Hoek RI (2000) Erasmus From reversed logistics to green supply chains. Logist Sol 2:28–33Google Scholar
  60. Walker H, Di Sistol L, McBain D (2008) Drivers and barriers to environmental supply chain management practices: lessons from the public and private sectors. J Purch Supply Manag 14(1):69–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Walsh JN (2014) The sharing and transfer of context—specific knowledge in a product support environment. Int J Knowl Based Dev 5(1):80–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Warfield JW (1974) Developing interconnected matrices in structural modeling. IEEE Transcr Syst Men Cybern 4(1):51–81Google Scholar
  63. Wee YS, Quazi HA (2005) Development and validation of critical factors of environmental management. Ind Manag Data Syst 105(1):96–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Fertilizer Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https// Scholar
  65. Zhu Q, Sarkis J (2004) Relationships between operational practices and performance among early adopters of green supply chain management practices in Chinese manufacturing enterprises. J Oper Manag 22:265–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Cordeiro J, Lai KH (2008a) Firm-level correlates of emergent green supply chain management practices in the Chinese context. Omega 36:577–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Lai KH (2008b) Green supply chain management implications for closing the loop. Transp Res Part E Logist Transp Rev 44(1):1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringRayat Bahra UniversityMohaliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Production and Industrial EngineeringPEC University of TechnologyChandigarhIndia

Personalised recommendations