Advertisement

Photocatalytic oxidation of dairy effluent with UV lamp or UV light-emitting diode module and biological treatment processes

  • J.-C. Su
  • Y.-L. Wang
  • J.-J. SuEmail author
Original Paper
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop a novel and simple-operated treatment system for refining dairy farm effluent after conventional dairy wastewater treatment system. Experimental results showed that average removal efficiency of COD, BOD, and SS in the effluents of a dairy farm was 72, 98, and 79%, respectively, using a combined photocatalytic and biological reactors. Removal efficiency of calculated conductivity value seems to be closely related to the removal efficiency of NH4+, PO43−, and Mg2+ when using the photocatalytic UV lamp reactor only. However, average removal efficiency of COD, BOD, and SS in the dairy farm effluent was 53, 62, and 62%, respectively, with the photocatalytic UV LED reactor. In summary, removal efficiency of BOD, COD, SS, and EC in photocatalytically treated dairy farm effluent with UV lamp reactor was higher than that with photocatalytic UV LED reactor. In addition, removal efficiency of COD and BOD with a combined photocatalytic and biological treatment system was higher than that using a photocatalytic oxidation reactor only. Thus, the combined system can provide dairy cattle farmers to refine and recycle their effluents.

Keywords

Dairy wastewater Photocatalytic oxidation Lignin Biodegradation UV radiation Light-emitting diode 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was made possible by grants (Project No. NSC 1O1-3111-Y-466-010) awarded from the National Science Council (NSC), Executive Yuan, Taiwan, R.O.C. The authors also thank Mr. Cheong Hong Hoi for proof reading.

References

  1. APHA (1998) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th edn. American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayisha Sidiqua M, Kanmani S (2015) Degradation of phenolic wastewaters by UV-LED/H2O2/Nano-TiO2. Int J Eng Technol Manag Appl Sci 3(8):37–80Google Scholar
  3. Brinker CJ, Scherer GW (1990) Sol–gel science: the physics and chemistry of sol–gel processing. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  4. El-Hanafy AA, Abd-Elsalam HE, Hafez EE (2008) Molecular characterization of two native Egyptian ligninolytic bacterial strains. J Appl Sci Res 4(10):1291–1296Google Scholar
  5. Hamdy MS, Saputera WH, Groenen EJ, Mul G (2014) A novel TiO2 composite for photocatalytic wastewater treatment. J Catal 310:75–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoffman MR, Martin ST, Choi W, Bahnemann DW (1995) Environmental application of semiconductor photocatalysis. Chem Rev 95:69–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kajitvichyanukula P, Ananpattarachaia J, Pongpom S (2008) Sol–gel preparation and properties study of TiO2 thin film for photocatalytic reduction of chromium (VI) in photocatalysis process. Sci Technol Adv Mat 6:352–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Karaoğlu MH, Uğurlu M (2010) Studies on TiO2/Sep/UV/NaOCI photocatalysed degradation of Reactive Red 195. J Hazard Mater 174(1–3):864–871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Konstantinou IK, Albanis TA (2004) TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations: a review. Appl Catal B Environ 49:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lamas Samanamud GR, Loures CCA, Souza AL, Salazar RFS, Oliveira IS, Silva MB, Iz´ario Filho HJ (2012) Heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of dairy wastewater using Immobilized ZnO. ISRN Chemical Engineering 2012 (Article ID: 275371), 8 pagesGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee H, Park SH, Kim BH, Kim SJ, Kim SC, Seo SG, Jung SC (2012) Contribution of dissolved oxygen to methylene blue decomposition by hybrid advanced oxidation processes system. Int J Photoenerg (URL: file:///C:/Users/Jack/Downloads/305989.pdf) (6 pages)Google Scholar
  12. Li XZ, Zhang M (1996) Decolorization and biodegradability of dyeing wastewater treated by a TiO2-sensitized photo-oxidation process. Water Sci Technol 34(9):49–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lin H, Kozuka H, Yoko T (1998) Preparation of TiO2 films on self-assembled monolayers by sol–gel method. Thin Solid Films 315:111–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Natarajan TS, Natarajan K, Bajaj HC, Tayade RJ (2013) Study on identification of leather industry wastewater constituents and its photocatalytic treatment. Int J Environ Sci Technol 10:855–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Oller I, Gernjak W, Maldonado MI, Perez-Estrada LA, Sanchez-Perez JA, Malato S (2006) Solar photocatalytic degradation of some hazardous water soluble pesticides at pilot-plant scale. J Hazard Mater B138:507–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pekakis PA, Xekoukoulotakis NP, Mantzavinos D (2006) Treatment of textile dyehouse wastewater by TiO2 photocatalysis. Water Res 40:1276–1286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pierre AC (1998) Introduction to sol–gel processing. Kluwer, NorwellCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sierra R, Smith A, Granda C, Holtzapple MT (2008) Producing fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. Chem Eng Prog 104(8):S10–S18Google Scholar
  19. Su JJ (1995) The system and method for recovering and recycling humic substances in piggery wastewater. Taiwan Invention Patent No. I 230695. http://marketplace.yet2.com/app/list/techpak?id=51472&sid=350&abc=0&page=tpoverview. Accessed 15 May 2018
  20. Su JJ, Liu YL, Shu FJ, Wu JF (1997) Treatment of piggery wastewater by contact aeration treatment in coordination of three-step piggery wastewater treatment (TPWT) process in Taiwan. J Environ Sci Heal 32A(1):55–73Google Scholar
  21. Su JJ, Chen YJ, Chang YC, Tang SC (2008) Isolation of sulfur oxidizers for desulfurizing biogas produced from anaerobic piggery wastewater treatment in Taiwan. Aust J Exp Agri 48(1–2):193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Su JJ, Chang YC, Chen YJ, Chang CK, Lee SY (2013) Hydrogen sulfide removal from livestock biogas by a farm-scale bio-filter desulfurization system. Water Sci Technol 67(6):1288–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Su JJ, Chang YC, Huang SM (2014) Ammonium reduction from piggery wastewater using immobilized ammonium-reducing bacteria with a full-scale sequencing batch reactor on farm. Water Sci Technol 69(4):840–846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K (2008) Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review. Int J Mol Sci 9(9):1621–1651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Uğurlu M, Karaoğlu H (2009) Removal of AOX, total nitrogen and chlorinated lignin from bleached Kraft mill effluent by UV oxidation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide utilizing TiO2 as photocatalyst. Environ Sci Pollut Res 16:265–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Uğurlu M, Karaoğlu MH (2010) The photocatalytic degradation of TOC and organic acid from olive mill wastewater by using UV/H2O2/TiO2/Sep. nanoparticle. Fresenius Environ Bull 19(12):2883–2888Google Scholar
  27. Uğurlu M, Karaoğlu MH (2011) TiO2 supported on sepiolite: preparation, structural and thermal characterization and catalytic behaviour in photocatalytic treatment of phenol and lignin from olive mill wastewater. Chem Eng J 166(2011):859–867Google Scholar
  28. Uğurlu M, Avunduk S, Chaudhary AJ, Vaizoğullar AI, Karaoğlu MH, Baştan S (2015) Decolourization and removal of phenol compounds from olive mill wastewater by O3/UV/NaBO3 and pre-treatment. Fresenius Environ Bull 24(2):519–532Google Scholar
  29. Vaizoğullar Aİ, Balci A, Uğurlu M (2015) Synthesis of ZrO2 and ZrO2/SiO2 particles and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue. Indian J Chem 54A:1434–1439Google Scholar
  30. Velegraki T, Poulios I, Charalabaki M, Kalogerakis N, Samaras P, Mantzavinos D (2006) Photocatalytic and sonolytic oxidation of acid Orange 7 in aqueous solution. Appl Catal B Environ 62:159–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wagner DG, Ackerson BA, Johnson RR (1977) US EPA report of Influence of recycling beef cattle waste on indigestible residue accumulation. Robert S. Kerr Environmental research Laboratory, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA-600/2-77-175)Google Scholar
  32. Zimmermann W (1990) Degradation of lignin by bacteria. J Biotechnol 13(2–3):119–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical EngineeringNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Department of Animal Science and TechnologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  3. 3.Bioenergy Research Center, College of Bioresources and AgricultureNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, ROC

Personalised recommendations