Determination of metals in Greek wines

  • F. Papageorgiou
  • K. Karampatea
  • A. C. Mitropoulos
  • G. Z. KyzasEmail author
Original Paper


This work aims the study and determination of three different metals (lead, zinc and copper) from various geographical regions of Greece, comparing professional and amateur vinification. Sample wines (Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Xinomavro, Moscato Hamburg, Agiorgitiko, Vidiano, Vilana, Robola) from 9 different viticulture regions of Greece were collected. The most significant result was that the in amateur winemaking, an increased content of metals existed compared to that of professional vinification. Also, an important finding was that in some cases (amateur vinification), the metals concentration was much higher than that defined in legislation. This was probably due to some old instruments of amateur winemakers.


Heavy metals Wine Copper Zinc Lead 



All winemakers (professional and amateurs) who gave their wine samples for analysis.

Author contributions

F. Papageorgiou designed the sampling and also contributed to writing. K. Karampatea and A. C. Mitropoulos contributed to writing, and G. Z. Kyzas had the whole supervision of this work, making the ICP-MS analysis and writing sections of this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Papageorgiou
    • 1
  • K. Karampatea
    • 1
  • A. C. Mitropoulos
    • 2
  • G. Z. Kyzas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oenology and Beverage TechnologyEastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of TechnologyKaválaGreece
  2. 2.Hephaestus Advanced LaboratoryEastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of TechnologyKaválaGreece

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