Advertisement

Synthesis of novel surface-modified hematite nanoparticles for the removal of cobalt-60 radiocations from aqueous solution

  • M. Hashemzadeh
  • A. Nilchi
  • A. H. HassaniEmail author
  • R. Saberi
Original Paper
  • 304 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, novel surface-modified hematite nanoparticles (α-Fe2O3 NPs) were prepared at 250 °C using iron(III) chloride hexahydrate (FeCl3·6H2O) and oleic acid (C18H34O2) as raw materials for the removal of cobalt-60 radiocations from aqueous solutions by hydrothermal method. α-Fe2O3 NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller. According to the results, the average diameter and length of the synthesized α-Fe2O3 nanorods varied in the range of 30–60 and 400–700 nm, respectively, when the specific surface area was 31.29 m2/g. In batch experiments, the effect of some variables such as pH (2–10), adsorbent weight (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2.5, 3.75 and 5 mg in 25 mL solution), initial concentration of cobalt-60 radiocations (1, 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mg/L), temperature (25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 °C) and contact time (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h) was investigated at 120 rpm. The optimized condition for cobalt-60 adsorption onto α-Fe2O3 NPs was obtained in pH 6.5, initial radiocation concentration of 1 mg/L, contact time of 2 h and nano-α-Fe2O3 sorbent concentration of 20 mg/L. On the other hand, the results indicated that adsorption of cobalt-60 onto the synthesized nano-α-Fe2O3 well fitted the Ho model as linear pseudo-second-order kinetics. In contrast, analysis of equilibrium data showed that the Redlich–Peterson isotherm model was suitable for describing cobalt-60 adsorption onto α-Fe2O3 NPs and the maximum uptake capacity was about 142.86 mg/g at 25 ± 1 °C according to Langmuir isotherm results. Meanwhile, the actual maximum adsorption capacity was about 99 mg/g. Therefore, it can be concluded that the synthesized novel surface-modified α-Fe2O3 NPs is an environment-friendly and a promising adsorbent for the removal of cobalt-60 radiocations from aqueous solutions.

Keywords

Adsorption Cobalt-60 Hematite Hydrothermal Isotherm Kinetics studies Nanoparticle 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the authorities of Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute of Iran for equipping the laboratory, where this research work was carried out.

References

  1. Adegoke HI, AmooAdekola F, Fatoki OS, Ximba BJ (2014) Adsorption of Cr(VI) on synthetic hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles of different morphologies. Korean J Chem Eng 31(1):142–154Google Scholar
  2. Almeida TP, Fay M, Zhu Y, Brown PD (2009) Process map for the hydrothermal synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanorods. J Phys Chem C 113(43):18689–18698Google Scholar
  3. Ashtiani MH, Azimi H (2016) Characterization of different types of bentonites and their applications as adsorbents of Co(II) and Ni(II). J Desalin Water Treat 57(37):17384–17399Google Scholar
  4. Axel NC, Torben RJ, Christian RHB, Elaine DM (2007) Nano size crystals of goethite, α-FeOOH: synthesis and thermal transformation. J Solid State Chem 180(4):1431–1435Google Scholar
  5. Belhachemi M, Addoun F (2011) Comparative adsorption isotherms and modeling of methylene blue onto activated carbons. Appl Water Sci 1(3–4):111–117Google Scholar
  6. Cataldo S, Cavallaro G, Gianguzza A, Lazzara G, Pettignano A (2013) Kinetic and equilibrium study for cadmium and copper removal from aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed alginate/pectin gel beads. J Environ Chem Eng 1(4):1252–1260Google Scholar
  7. Ceglowski M, Schroeder G (2015) Preparation of porous resin with Schiff base chelating groups for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. Chem Eng J 263:402–411Google Scholar
  8. Chen L, Lu WS, Zhou J, Wang X (2015) Removal of radiocobalt from aqueous solutions using titanate/graphene oxide composites. J Mol Liq 209:397–403Google Scholar
  9. Correa FG, Flores NAF, Bulbulian S (2016) Co2+ ion adsorption behavior on plum stone carbon prepared by a solid-combustion process. J Desalin Water Treat 57(55):26472–26483Google Scholar
  10. Dada AO, Olalekan AP, Olatunya AM, Dada O (2012) Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms studies of equilibrium sorption of Zn2+ unto phosphoric acid modified rice husk. IOSR J Appl Chem 3(1):38–45Google Scholar
  11. Deravanesiyan M, Beheshti M, Malekpour A (2015) Alumina nanoparticles immobilization onto the NaX zeolite and the removal of Cr(III) and Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions. J Ind Eng Chem 21:580–586Google Scholar
  12. Dixit S, Hering JG (2003) Comparison of arsenic(V) and arsenic(III) sorption onto iron oxide minerals: implications for arsenic mobility. J Environ Sci Technol 37(18):4182–4189Google Scholar
  13. Fang F, Kong L, Huang J, Wu S, Zhang K, Wang X, Sun B, Jin Z, Wang J, Huang XJ, Liu J (2014) Removal of cobalt ions from aqueous solution by an amination graphene oxide nanocomposite. J Hazard Mater 270:1–10Google Scholar
  14. Freitas JC, Branco RM, Lisboa IGO, Costa TP, Campos MGN, Júnior MJ, Marques RFC (2015) Magnetic nanoparticles obtained by homogeneous coprecipitation sonochemically assisted. J Mater Res 18(2):220–224Google Scholar
  15. Freundlich H (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–470Google Scholar
  16. Gehan ESE, Neama GI, Refaat RA (2016) Preparation, characterization and application of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles modified with natural polymers for removal of 60Co-radionuclides from aqueous solution. J Radiochim Acta 105(2):141–159Google Scholar
  17. Gimbert F, Morin-crini N, Renault F, Badot PM, Crini G (2008) Adsorption isotherm models for dye removal by cationized starch-based material in a single component system: error analysis. J Hazard Mater 157:34–46Google Scholar
  18. Gunnarsson M (2002) Surface complexation at the iron oxide/water interface, experimental investigations and theoretical developments. Institutionen för kemi Göteborgs universitet Göteborg: Chalmers reproservice, pp 39–43Google Scholar
  19. Hang C, Li Q, Gao S, Shang JK (2012) As(III) and As(V) adsorption by hydrous zirconium oxide nanoparticles synthesized by a hydrothermal process followed with heat treatment. J Ind Eng Chem Res 51(1):353–361Google Scholar
  20. Hashemian S, Saffari H, Ragabion S (2015) Adsorption of cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions by Fe3O4/bentonite nanocomposite. J Water Air Soil Pollutant 226(2212):1–10Google Scholar
  21. Hidetoshi K, Yamato A, Masaharu S, Shunsuke U (1986) Adsorption of cobalt ions on hematite particles. J Nucl Sci Technol 23(10):926–927Google Scholar
  22. Ho YS, McKey G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. J Process Biochem 34:451–465Google Scholar
  23. Hooshyar Z, Rezanejade Bardajee G, Ghayeb Y (2013) Sonication enhanced removal of nickel and cobalt ions from polluted water using an iron based sorbent. J Chem 786954:1–5Google Scholar
  24. Irannajad M, Haghighi HK (2017) Removal of Co2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+ by manganese oxide-coated zeolite: equilibrium, thermodynamics and kinetics studies. J Clays Clay Miner 65(1):52–62Google Scholar
  25. Jovic-Jovicic N, Ilic I, Marinovic S, Bankovic P, Jovanovic D, Dojcinovic B, Milutinovic-Nikolic A (2016) Kinetics of adsorption of nicotine by natural and acid-activate montmorillonite. In: 13th International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry 1, C-16-P, Belgrad, Serbia 26–30 September, pp 251–254Google Scholar
  26. Lafferty BJ, Vogel MG, Sparks DL (2010) Arsenite oxidation by a poorly crystalline manganese-oxide stirred-flow experiments. J Environ Sci Technol 44(22):8460–8466Google Scholar
  27. Langmuir I (1916) The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. J Am Chem Soc 38:2221–2295Google Scholar
  28. Lemine OM, Ghiloufi I, Bououdina M, Khezami L, Ould M’hame M, Hassan AT (2014) Nanocrystalline Ni doped α-Fe2O3 for adsorption of metals from aqueous Solution. J Alloys Compd 588:592–595Google Scholar
  29. Liu M, Chen C, Hu J, Wu X, Wang X (2011) Synthesis of magnetite/graphene oxide composite and application for cobalt(II) removal. J Phys Chem C 115(51):25234–25240Google Scholar
  30. Nastaj J, Przewlocka A, Rajkowska-Mysliwiec M (2016) Biosorption of Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) on calcium beads: equilibrium, kinetic and mechanism studies. Pol J Chem Technol 18(3):81–87Google Scholar
  31. Nirmala I (2014) Use of iron oxide magnetic nanosorbents for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions: A review. J Eng Res Appl 4((10), Part-1):55–63Google Scholar
  32. Pal B, Sharon M (2000) Preparation of iron oxide thin film by metal organic deposition from Fe(III)-acetylacetonate: a study of photocatalytic properties. J Thin Solid Films 379(1–2):83–88Google Scholar
  33. Park YJ, Lee YC, Shin WS, Choi SJ (2010) Removal of cobalt, strontium and cesium from radioactive laundry wastewater by ammonium molybdophosphate–polyacrylonitrile (AMP–PAN). J Chem Eng 162:685–695Google Scholar
  34. Popa K, Palamaru MN, Iordan AR, Humelnicu D, Drochioiu G, Cecal A (2006) Laboratory analyses of 60Co2+, 65Zn2+ and 55+59Fe3+ radiocations uptake by Lemna minor. J Isotopes Environ Health Stud 42(1):87–95Google Scholar
  35. Poursani AS, Nilchi A, Hassani AH, Shariat M, Nouri J (2015) A novel method for synthesis of nano-γ-Al2O3: study of adsorption behavior of chromium, nickel, cadmium and lead ions. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(6):2003–2014Google Scholar
  36. Poursani AS, Nilchi A, Hassani AH, Shariat M, Nouri J (2016) The synthesis of nano TiO2 and its use for removal of lead ions from aqueous solution. J Water Resour Prot 8(4):438–448Google Scholar
  37. Pradhan GK, Parida KM (2011) Fabrication, growth mechanism, and characterization of α-Fe2O3 nanorods. J Appl Mater Interfaces 3(2):317–323Google Scholar
  38. Rajeshkannan R, Rajasimman M, Rajamohan N (2011) Decolourisation of malachite green using tamarind seed: optimisation, isotherm and kinetic studies. J Chem Ind Chem Eng Q 17(1):67–79Google Scholar
  39. Rout S, Kumar A, Ravi PM, Tripathi RM (2015) Pseudo second order kinetic model for the sorption of U(VI) onto soil: a comparison of linear and non-linear methods. Int J Environ Sci 6(1):145–154Google Scholar
  40. Roy A, Bhattacharya J (2013) A binary and ternary adsorption study of wastewater Cd(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) by γ-Fe2O3 nanotubes. J Sep Purif Technol 115:172–179Google Scholar
  41. Sampranpiboon P, Charnkeitkong P, Feng X (2014) Equilibrium isotherm models for adsorption of zinc(II) ion from aqueous solution on pulp waste. J WSEAS Trans Environ Dev 10:35–47Google Scholar
  42. Sasikumar P, Narasimhan SV, Velmurugan S (2013) Development of a modified ion exchange resin column for removal of gadolinium from the moderator system of PHWRs. J Sci Technol 48:1220–1225Google Scholar
  43. Sivakumar P, Palanisamy PN (2009) Adsorption studies of basic red 29 by a non-conventional activated carbon prepared from Euphorbia antiquorum. Int J ChemTec Res 1(3):502–510Google Scholar
  44. Sobhanardakani S, Zandipak R (2015) Adsorption of Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions using NiFe2O4 nanoparticles. J Adv Environ Health Res 3(3):179–187Google Scholar
  45. Sounthararajah DP, Loganathan P, Kandasamy J, Vigneswaran S (2015) Adsorptive removal of heavy metals from water using sodium titanate nanofibres loaded onto GAC in fixed-bed columns. J Hazard Mater 287:306–316Google Scholar
  46. Srivastava V, Sharma YC, Sillanpää M (2015) Application of nano-magnesso ferrite (n-MgFe2O4) for the removal of Co2+ ions from synthetic wastewater: kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. J Appl Surf Sci 338:42–54Google Scholar
  47. Taman R, Ossman ME, Mansour MS, Farag HA (2015) Metal oxide nano-particles as an adsorbent for removal of heavy metals. J Adv Chem Eng.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2090-4568.1000125 Google Scholar
  48. Tayyebi A, Outokesh M, Moradi S, Doram A (2015) Synthesis and characterization of ultrasound assisted ‘‘graphene oxide-magnetite” hybrid, and investigation of its adsorption properties for Sr(II) and Co(II) ions. J Appl Surf Sci 353:350–362Google Scholar
  49. Temkin MI, Pyzhev V (1940) Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalyst. Acta Physicochim URSS 12:327–356Google Scholar
  50. Todorović M, Milonjić SK, Čomor JJ, Gal IJ (1992) Adsorption of radioactive ions 137Cs+, 85Sr2+ and 60Co2+ on natural magnetite and hematite. J Sep Scie Technol 27(5):671–679Google Scholar
  51. Tsirel’son VG, Antipin MY, Strel’tsov RP, Ozerov RP, Struchkov YT (1987) Calculation of electric field gradient at nuclei in crystals from X-ray diffraction data. J Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 65(5):1137–1141Google Scholar
  52. Uheida A, Salazar-Alvarez G, Bjorkman E, Yu Z, Muhammed M (2006) Fe3O4 and γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles for the adsorption of Co2+ from aqueous solution. J Colloid Interface Sci 298:501–507Google Scholar
  53. Üzüm Ç, Shahwan T, Eroğlu AE, Lieberwirth I, Scott TB, Hallam KR (2008) Application of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for the removal of aqueous Co2+ ions under various experimental conditions. Chem Eng J 144(2):213–220Google Scholar
  54. Vilvanathan S, Shanthakumar S (2015) Biosorption of Co(II) ions from aqueous solution using Chrysanthemum indicum: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. J Process Saf Environ Prot 96:98–110Google Scholar
  55. Wei W, Quanguo H, Changzhong J (2008) Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: synthesis and surface functionalization strategies. Nanoscale Res Lett 3:397–415Google Scholar
  56. Xing M, Wang J (2016) Nanoscaled zero valent iron/graphene composite as an efficient adsorbent for Co(II) removal from aqueous solution. J Colloid Interface Sci 474:119–128Google Scholar
  57. Xu XN, Wolfus Y, Shaulov A, Yeshurun Y, Felner I, Nowik I, Koltypin Y, Gedanken A (2002) Annealing study of Fe2O3 nanoparticles: magnetic size effects and phase transformations. J Appl Phys 91(7):4611–4616Google Scholar
  58. Yin Y, Hu J, Wang J (2017) Removal of Sr2+, Co2+, and Cs+ from aqueous solution by immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae with magnetic chitosan beads. J Environ Prog Sustain Energy.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.12531 Google Scholar
  59. Zhang L, Wei J, Zhao X, Li F, Jiang F, Zhang M, Cheng X (2016) Competitive adsorption of strontium and cobalt onto tin antimonite. Chem Eng J 285:679–689Google Scholar
  60. Zhao GX, Li JX, Ren XM, Chen CL, Wang XK (2011) Few-layered graphene oxide nanosheets as superior sorbents for heavy metal ion pollution management. J Environ Sci Technol 45:10454–10462Google Scholar
  61. Zhu Y, Hu J, Wang J (2014) Removal of Co2+ from radioactive wastewater by polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/chitosan magnetic composite. J Prog Nucl Energy 71:172–178Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Pollution, Faculty of Energy and Environment, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Materials and Nuclear Fuel Research SchoolNuclear Science and Technology Research InstituteTehranIran

Personalised recommendations