Noise is one of the most important environmental pollutants that endanger human health. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects, habituation to noise, and possible improvement of traffic noise subjectively. Data were collected using questionnaires from 300 citizens in Tabriz, Iran. Subjective noise level was relatively high and had considerable influence on citizens’ satisfaction, performance, and health. Satisfaction with traffic noise was lower in males and decreased with increasing age. Males were also more likely to complain about the interference of traffic noise with their performance than females. Habituation to noise was relatively low and was not associated with living area and demographic characteristics. The use of double-glazed windows and more investment and use of public transport were rated as the most appropriate solutions for improving traffic noise. The findings highlight the role of qualitative studies for reducing the negative health consequences of exposure to traffic noise.
Annoyance Concentration Habituation to noise Performance Satisfaction Subjective assessments Urban area
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The authors wish to thank all who supported this work.
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Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.
The authors declare that there was no funding for this research.
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