Advertisement

Comparison of Fenton, ultraviolet–Fenton and ultrasonic–Fenton processes on organics and colour removal from pre-treated natural gas produced water

  • J. Zhai
  • H. Ma
  • J. Liao
  • M. H. Rahaman
  • Z. Yang
  • Z. Chen
Original Paper
  • 194 Downloads

Abstract

Produced water (PW) from natural gas field, characterized with high organic contents, has brought high environmental concerns world widely. Fenton and enhanced Fenton technologies were considered as the potential methods to degrade the organic contaminates in the PW, but with very limited data or reference. Here, we examined the optimum conditions of Fenton on organics and colour removal from natural gas PW after coagulation pre-treatment. Simultaneously, the optimal Fenton process integrated with ultraviolet (UV) and ultrasonic (US) irradiation were applied to enhance pollutants removal efficiencies. The optimal Fenton conditions were found at 60 min with molar ratios of 6:1 and 25:1 for H2O2/COD and H2O2/Fe2+, respectively and the initial pH of 3. Among these the three treatment processes, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon, 5-day biological oxygen demand (BOD5), and colour removal efficiencies were highest during UV–Fenton (82, 73, 68, and 95%,) followed by US–Fenton (79, 70, 66, and 95%) and Fenton treatment (70, 58, 51, and 92%), respectively. High biodegradability (BOD5/COD) was also observed after UV–Fenton process (0.76) than the others (both 0.73). The current study showed a satisfactory carbon and colour removal efficiencies from PW using different Fenton processes; however, there still is a need for final polishing such as biological treatment or low cost constructed wetland before discharge. This study can be a good reference for engineering application PW treatment.

Keywords

Produced water (PW) Fenton process UV–Fenton US–Fenton 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this study was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51478062, 51208533, the Basic and Advanced Technology Research Program of Chongqing under Grant No. cstc2015jcyjBX0111 and by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant No. 106112016CDJZR218805.

References

  1. Azizi A, Moghaddam MRA, Maknoon R, Kowsari E (2016) Investigation of enhanced Fenton process (EFP) in color and COD removal of wastewater containing Acid Red 18 by response surface methodology: evaluation of EFP as post treatment. Desalin Water Treat 57:14083–14092. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1063011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Babuponnusami A, Muthukumar K (2014) A review on Fenton and improvements to the Fenton process for wastewater treatment. J Environ Chem Eng 2:557–572. doi: 10.1016/j.jece.2013.10.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chakma S, Moholkar VS (2013) Physical mechanism of sono-Fenton process. AIChE J 59:4303–4313. doi: 10.1002/aic.14150 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coelho A, Castro AV, Dezotti M, Sant’Anna GL (2006) Treatment of petroleum refinery sourwater by advanced oxidation processes. J Hazard Mater 137:178–184. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.01.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Da Silva SS, Chiavone-Filho O, de Barros Neto EL, Foletto EL (2015) Oil removal from produced water by conjugation of flotation and photo-Fenton processes. J Environ Manag 147:257–263. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.08.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dai Y, Qi Y, Zhao D, Zhang H (2008) An oxidative desulfurization method using ultrasound/Fenton’s reagent for obtaining low and/or ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel. Fuel Process Technol 89:927–932. doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.03.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fakhru’l-Razi A, Pendashteh A, Abdullah LC et al (2009) Review of technologies for oil and gas produced water treatment. J Hazard Mater 170:530–551. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.05.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fang S, Wang C, Chao B (2016) Operating conditions on the optimization and water quality analysis on the advanced treatment of papermaking wastewater by coagulation/Fenton process. Desalin Water Treat 57:12755–12762. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1052568 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fard MA, Torabian A, Bidhendi GRN, Aminzadeh B (2013) Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation of petroleum aromatic hydrocarbons using nanoscale zero-valent iron. J Environ Eng 139:966–974. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000705 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gulkaya I, Surucu GA, Dilek FB (2006) Importance of H2O2/Fe2+ ratio in Fenton’s treatment of a carpet dyeing wastewater. J Hazard Mater 136:763–769. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.01.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gupta VK, Atar N, Yola ML, Üstündağ Z, Uzun L (2014) A novel magnetic Fe@Au core–shell nanoparticles anchored graphene oxide recyclable nanocatalyst for the reduction of nitrophenol compounds. Water Res 48:210–217. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.09.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hasan DB, Abdul Aziz AR, Daud WMAW (2012) Oxidative mineralisation of petroleum refinery effluent using Fenton-like process. Chem Eng Res Des 90:298–307. doi: 10.1016/j.cherd.2011.06.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hermosilla D, Cortijo M, Pao C (2009) Science of the total environment optimizing the treatment of landfill leachate by conventional Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Sci Total Environ 407:3473–3481. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.02.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hussain A, Minier-Matar J, Janson A, et al (2014) Advanced technologies for produced water treatment and reuse. In: International petroleum technology conference, pp 25–28Google Scholar
  15. Jacobs RPWM, Grant ROH, Kwant J et al (1992) The composition of produced water from shell operated oil and gas production in the North Sea. In: Ray JP, Engelhardt FR (eds) Produced water: technological/environmental issues and solutions. Springer, Boston, MA, pp 13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jiménez S, Mic MM, Arnaldos M et al (2017) Integrated processes for produced water polishing: enhanced flotation/sedimentation combined with advanced oxidation processes. Chemosphere 168:309–317. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lakshmi PM, Sivashanmugam P (2013) Treatment of oil tanning effluent by electrocoagulation: influence of ultrasound and hybrid electrode on COD removal. Sep Purif Technol 116:378–384. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2013.05.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li G, Guo S, Li F (2010) Treatment of oilfield produced water by anaerobic process coupled with micro-electrolysis. J Environ Sci 22:1875–1882. doi: 10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60333-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. López-López C, Martín-Pascual J, Leyva-Díaz JC et al (2016) Combined treatment of textile wastewater by coagulation–flocculation and advanced oxidation processes. Desalin Water Treat 57:13987–13994. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1063013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mert BK, Yonar T, Kiliç MY, Kestioğlu K (2010) Pre-treatment studies on olive oil mill effluent using physicochemical, Fenton and Fenton-like oxidations processes. J Hazard Mater 174:122–128. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pilli S, Yan S, Tyagi RD, Surampalli RY (2015) Overview of Fenton pre-treatment of sludge aiming to enhance anaerobic digestion. Rev Environ Sci Bio Technol 14:453–472. doi: 10.1007/s11157-015-9368-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pliego G, Zazo JA, Garcia-Muñoz P et al (2015) Trends in the Intensification of the Fenton process for wastewater treatment: an overview. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 45:2611–2692. doi: 10.1080/10643389.2015.1025646 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pouran SR, Aziz ARA, Mohd W, Wan A (2015) Review on the main advances in photo-Fenton oxidation system for recalcitrant wastewaters. J Ind Eng Chem 21:53–69. doi: 10.1016/j.jiec.2014.05.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Santiago DE, Araña J, González-Díaz O et al (2016) Treatment of wastewater containing imazalil by means of Fenton-based processes. Desalin Water Treat 57:13865–13877. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1061452 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sharma S, Kapoor S, Christian RA (2017) Effect of Fenton process on treatment of simulated textile wastewater: optimization using response surface methodology. Int J Environ Sci Technol. doi: 10.1007/s13762-017-1253-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Song YL, Li JT, Chen H (2009) Degradation of C.I. acid red 88 aqueous solution by combination of fenton’s reagent and ultrasound irradiation. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 84:578–583. doi: 10.1002/jctb.2083 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tony MA, Purcell PJ, Zhao YQ et al (2009) Photo-catalytic degradation of an oil-water emulsion using the photo-fenton treatment process: effects and statistical optimization. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 44:179–187. doi: 10.1080/10934520802539830 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Trapido M, Kulik N, Goi A et al (2009) Fenton treatment efficacy for the purification of different kinds of wastewater. Water Sci Technol 60:1795–1801. doi: 10.2166/wst.2009.585 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Trovó AG, Hassan AK, Sillanpää M, Tang WZ (2016) Degradation of Acid Blue 161 by Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Int J Environ Sci Technol 13:147–158. doi: 10.1007/s13762-015-0854-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Veil JA, Puder MG, Elcock D, Redweik, RJJ (2004) A white paper describing produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas, and coal bed methane. IL: US Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne. doi: 10.2172/821666
  31. Wang N, Zheng T, Zhang G, Wang P (2016) A review on Fenton-like processes for organic wastewater treatment. J Environ Chem Eng 4:762–787. doi: 10.1016/j.jece.2015.12.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yola ML, Eren T, Atar N (2014a) A novel efficient photocatalyst based on TiO2 nanoparticles involved boron enrichment waste for photocatalytic degradation of atrazine. Chem Eng J 250:288–294. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.03.116 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yola ML, Eren T, Atar N, Wang S (2014b) Adsorptive and photocatalytic removal of reactive dyes by silver nanoparticle-colemanite ore waste. Chem Eng J 242:333–340. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.086 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhai J, Huang Z, Rahaman MH et al (2016) Comparison of coagulation pretreatment of produced water from natural gas well by polyaluminum chloride and polyferric sulfate coagulants. Environ Technol. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2016.1217937 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang R, You H, Wu D (2016) Advanced treatment of coking wastewater by heterogeneous photo-Fenton technology with Cu/Fe oxide catalysts. Desalin Water Treat 57:12010–12018. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1048535 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhao S, Huang G, Cheng G et al (2014) Hardness, COD and turbidity removals from produced water by electrocoagulation pretreatment prior to reverse osmosis membranes. Desalination 344:454–462. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2014.04.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chinese Education Ministry Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region’s Eco-EnvironmentChongqing UniversityChongqingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations