Biosorption of fluoride by water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) from contaminated water

  • Sukalpa Karmakar
  • Joydeep Mukherjee
  • Somnath Mukherjee
Original Paper

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a proven low-cost and sustainable method for the removal of toxic pollutants from water. This green technology has been practiced for the past several years all over the world. In the present study, the interaction of fluoride on the surface of the floating aquatic plant water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) during fluoride removal was investigated. Batch kinetic studies were performed to examine the fluoride uptake capacity of the plant with different initial fluoride concentrations such as 3, 5, 10, and 20 mg/L. The effects of various process parameters on fluoride uptake dynamics such as pH, plant biomass, initial fluoride concentration, and time were examined. Freundlich’s isotherm model was found to (R 2 = 0.957) fit well to the experimental data. The nature of reaction order followed pseudo-first-order kinetics, when the initial fluoride level in the solution was 5 mg/L. The experimental findings showed that the removal mechanism was driven by biosorption phenomenon. High fluoride concentration in the solution reduced the growth ratio of P. stratiotes. The lowest growth ratio of this aquatic macrophyte was found to be 76.80 ± 3.73% at 20 mg/L fluoride concentration. At lower fluoride concentrations such as 3 and 5 mg/L, the growth ratio of the plant was not reduced significantly.

Keywords

Fluoride Growth ratio Isotherm Pistia stratiotes Reaction order Sorption potential 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank all who assisted in this work.

Supplementary material

13762_2017_1439_MOESM1_ESM.docx (243 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 242 kb)
13762_2017_1439_MOESM2_ESM.docx (203 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 202 kb)

References

  1. APHA (1998) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayoob S, Gupta AK (2006) Fluoride in drinking water: a review on the status and stress effects. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 36:433–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banerjee A, Sarkar P, Banerjee S (2016) Application of statistical design of experiments for optimization of As(V) biosorption by immobilized bacterial biomass. Ecol Eng 86:13–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baunthiyal M, Ranghar S (2015) Accumulation of fluoride by plants: potential for phytoremediation. Clean Soil Air Water 43:127–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cai H, Chena G, Penga C, Zhanga Z, Donga Y, Shanga G, Zhua X, Gao H, Wana X (2015) Removal of fluoride from drinking water using tea waste loaded with Al/Fe oxides: a novel, safe and efficient biosorbent. Appl Surf Sci 328:34–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Camargo JA (2003) Fluoride toxicity to aquatic organisms: a review. Chemosphere 50:251–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chakrabarti S, Patra KP, Mondal B (2013) Uptake of fluoride by two paddy (Oryza sativa L.) varieties treated with fluoride-contaminated water. Paddy Water Environ 11:619–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chakraborty R, Karmakar S, Mukherjee S, Kumar S (2014) Kinetic evaluation of chromium(VI) sorption by water lettuce (Pistia). Water Sci Technol 69:195–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chami ZA, Amer N, Bitar LA, Cavoski I (2015) Potential use of Sorghum bicolor and Carthamus tinctorius in phytoremediation of nickel, lead and zinc. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:3957–3970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collins CD, Willey NJ (2009) Phylogenetic variation in the tolerance and uptake of organic contaminants. Int J Phytorem 11:623–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Das S, Goswami S, Das-Talukdar A (2014) A study on cadmium phytoremediation potential of water lettuce, Pistia stratiotes L. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92:169–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elless MP, Poynton CY, Willms CA, Doyle MP, Lopez AC, Sokkary DA, Ferguson BW, Blaylock MJ (2005) Pilot-scale demonstration of phytofiltration for treatment of arsenic in New Mexico drinking water. Water Res 39:3863–3872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Giri AK, Patel RK, Mahapatra SS, Mishra PC (2013) Biosorption of arsenic (III) from aqueous solution by living cells of Bacillus cereus. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:1281–1291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gunay A, Arslankaya E, Tosun I (2007) Lead removal from aqueous solution by natural and pretreated clinoptilolite: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 146:362–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hasan SH, Talat M, Rai S (2007) Sorption of cadmium and zinc from aqueous solutions by water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Biores Technol 98:918–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Henriques B, Rocha LS, Lopes CB, Figueira P, Monteiro RJR, Duarte AC, Pardal MA, Pereira E (2015) Study on bioaccumulation and biosorption of mercury by living marine macroalgae: prospecting for a new remediation biotechnology applied to saline waters. Chem Eng J 281:759–770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ho YS, Mckay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption process. Process Biochem 34:451–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hu S, Tang CH, Wu M (1996) Cadmium accumulation by several seaweeds. Sci Total Environ 187:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karmakar S, Mukherjee J, Mukherjee S (2016) Removal of fluoride contamination in water by three aquatic plants. Int J Phytorem 18:222–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Karthikeyan G, Ilango SS (2007) Fluoride sorption using Moringa indica-based activated carbon. Iranian J Environ Health Sci Eng 4:21–28Google Scholar
  21. Kaushik G, Thakur IS (2013) Adsorption of colored pollutants from distillery spent wash by native and treated fungus: neurospora intermedia. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:1070–1078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kwan KHM, Smith S (1991) Some aspects of the kinetics of cadmium and thallium uptake by fronds of Lemna minor L. New Phytol 117:91–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lagergren S (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens, Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  24. Lu Q, He ZL, Donald A, Graetz DA, Stoffella PJ, Yang X (2010) Phytoremediation to remove nutrients and improve eutrophic stormwaters using water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L.). Environ Sci Pollut Res 17:84–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lu Q, He ZL, Graetz DA, Stoffella PJ, Yang X (2011) Uptake and distribution of metals by water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L.). Environ Sci Pollut Res 18:978–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Luca GAD, Hadad HR, Mufarrege MM, Maine MA, Sánchez GC (2014) Improvement of cr phytoremediation by pistia stratiotes in presence of nutrients. Int J Phytorem 16:167–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Madera-Parraa CA, Pena-Salamancab EJ, Penac MR, Rousseaud DPL, Lense PNL (2014) Phytoremediation of Landfill Leachate with Colocasia esculenta, Gynerum sagittatum and Heliconia psittacorum in Constructed Wetlands. Int J Phytorem 17:16–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Meenakshi, Maheswari RC (2006) Fluoride in drinking water and its removal. J Hazard Mater B 137:456–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Melgar MJ, Alonso J, García MA (2007) Removal of toxic metals from aqueous solutions by fungal biomass of Agaricus macrospores. Sci Total Environ 385:12–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Methodis PA, Selvapathy P (2005) Studies on removal of fluoride from water by used tea leaves carbon. In: 3rd international conference on plants and environmental pollution, Lucknow, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  31. Mohan SV, Ramanaiah SV, Rajkumar B, Sarma PN (2007) Removal of fluoride from aqueous phase by biosorption onto algal biosorbent Spirogyra sp.-IO2: sorption mechanism elucidation. J Hazard Mater 141:465–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mokgalaka-Matlala NS, Flores-Tavizon E, Castillo-Michel H, Peralta-Videa JR, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2008) Toxicity of arsenic (iii) and (v) on plant growth, element uptake, and total amylolytic activity of mesquite (prosopis juliflora x p. Velutina). Int J Phytorem 10:47–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mukherjee S, Kumar S (2005a) Adsorptive uptake of arsenic (V) from water by aquatic fern Salvinia natans. J Water Suppl Res Technol-AQUA 54:47–53Google Scholar
  34. Mukherjee S, Kumar S (2005b) Arsenic uptake potential of water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L). Int J Environ Stud 62:249–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Murugan M, Subramanian E (2006) Studies on defluoridation of water by Tamarind seed, an unconventional biosorbent. J Water Health 4:453–461Google Scholar
  36. Natarajan S, Stampsa RH, Mab LQ, Sahab UK, Hernandezc D, Caic Y, Zillioux EJ (2011) Phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated groundwater using arsenichyper accumulator Pteris vittata L.: effects of frond harvesting regimes and arsenic levels in refill water. J Hazard Mater 185:983–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nigam S, Gopal K, Vankar PS (2013) Biosorption of arsenic in drinking water by submerged plant: hydrilla verticilata. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:4000–4008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pérez-Rama M, Torres E, Suárez C, Herrero C, Abalde J (2010) Sorption isotherm studies of Cd(II) ions using living cells of the marine microalga Tetraselmis suecica (Kylin) Butch. J Environ Manage 91:2045–2050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pilon-Smits E (2005) Phytoremediation. Annu Rev Plant Biol 56:15–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Priya A, Avishek K, Pathak G (2012) Assessing the potentials of Lemna minor in the treatment of domestic wastewater at pilot scale. Environ Monit Assess 184:4301–4307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Qu Y, Zhang X, Xu J, Zhang W, Guo Y (2014) Removal of hexavalent chromium from wastewater using magnetotactic bacteria. Sep Purif Technol 136:10–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rajagopal R, Tobin G (1991) Fluoride in drinking water—a survey of expert opinions. Environ Geochem Health 13:3–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ramanaiah SV, Mohan SV, Sarma PN (2007) Adsorptive removal of fluoride from aqueous phase using waste fungus (Pleurotus ostreatus 1804) biosorbent: kinetics evaluation. Ecol Eng 3(1):47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rao KV, Khandekar AK, Vaidyanadham D (1973) Uptake of fluoride by water hyacinth, Eichhornia crissipes. Indian J Exp Biol 11:68–69Google Scholar
  45. Ruan J, Ma L, Shi Y, Han W (2004) The impact of pH and calcium on the uptake of fluoride by tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.). Ann Bot 93:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sabal D, Khan TI, Saxena R (2006) Effect of sodium fluoride on cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) seed germination and seedling growth. Fluoride 39:228–230Google Scholar
  47. Saini P, Khan S, Baunthiyal M, Sharma V (2012) Organ-wise accumulation of fluoride in Prosopis juliflora and its potential for phytoremediation of fluoride contaminated soil. Chemosphere 89:633–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Saini P, Khan S, Baunthiyal M, Sharma V (2013) Effect of fluoride on germination, early growth and antioxidant enzyme activities of legume plant species Prosopis juliflora. J Environ Biol 34:205–209Google Scholar
  49. Samuel J, Pulimi M, Paul ML, Maurya A, Chandrasekaran N, Mukherjee A (2013) Batch and continuous flow studies of adsorptive removal of Cr(VI) by adapted bacterial consortia immobilized in alginate beads. Biores Technol 128:423–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Santos-Diaz MS, Zamora-Prdraza C (2010) Fluoride removal from water by plant species that are tolerant and highly tolerant to hydrogen fluoride. Fluoride 43:150–156Google Scholar
  51. Shrike PA, Chandra P (1991) Fluoride uptake by duck-weed Spirodela polirrhiza. Fluoride 24:109–112Google Scholar
  52. Sinha S, Saxena R, Singh S (2000) Fluoride removal from water by Hydrilla verticillata (I.f.) royle and its toxic effects. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 65:683–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sujana MG, Anand S (2011) Fluoride removal studies from contaminated ground water by using bauxite. Desalination 267:222–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Veglio F, Beolchini F (1997) Removal of metals by biosorption: a review. Hydrometallurgy 44:301–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang L, Li Q, Ma L, Ruan J (2013) Characterization of fluoride uptake by roots of tea plants (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze). Plant Soil 366:659–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhang SJ, Li TX, Huang HG, Zhang XZ, Yu HY, Zheng ZC, Wang YD, Zou TJ, Hao XQ, Pu Y (2014) Phytoremediation of cadmium using plant species of Athyrium wardii (Hook.). Int J Environ Sci Technol 11:757–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhou J, Gao J, Liu Y, Ba K, Chen S, Zhang R (2012) Removal of fluoride from water by five submerged plants. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:395–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sukalpa Karmakar
    • 1
  • Joydeep Mukherjee
    • 2
  • Somnath Mukherjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering Division, Civil Engineering DepartmentJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.School of Environmental StudiesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations