The aim of the study is to evaluate the changes in electrocardiographic parameters, including QTc dispersion (QTcd), Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e)/QTc ratio and P-wave dispersion (Pd), during the period without seizure activation in patients, presented to the emergency department (ED) with epileptic seizures. This prospective case–control study was conducted between January 2017 and January 2018. Patients, over 18 years old and presented to the ED with epileptic seizure, were consecutively included in the study. Interictal period ECGs of patients were obtained at least 2 hours after the end of the postictal period. ST-segment changes, QT interval, corrected QT interval (QTc), QTd, Pd, Tp-e, Tp-e dispersion (Tp-ed), Tp-e/QTc ratio and arrhythmias were evaluated in interictal ECGs. A total of 103 epileptic patients and 31 control cases were included in the study. Heart rate, QTc, QTcd, Pd, Tp-ed and Tp-e/QTc ratio were significantly higher in the epilepsy group than in the control group (p < 0.05 for all values). No statistically significant difference in those parameters was observed between the patients with known epilepsy and the patients who had seizure for the first time. There was also no statistically significant difference between patients who had recurrent seizures during the observation period and who did not. The patients with epileptic seizures had increased Pd, QTd, QTcd, Tp-ed and Tpe/QTc ratio during interictal period compared to healthy subjects. These electrocardiographic changes might be associated with an increased risk of dysrhythmia. However, prospective large cohorts with short- and long-term follow-up are needed for clinical reflections.
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Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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