Is there a relationship between restless legs syndrome and medical problems in pregnant women? A cross-sectional study in Iran

  • Parvin AbediEmail author
  • Roghieh BagheriEmail author
  • Mostafa Qorbani
  • Somayeh Ansari
Original article


This study aimed to assess the relationship between RLS and medical problems among pregnant women. In this study, 700 pregnant women were recruited. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the International Restless Legs Questionnaire were used to gather information. Data analyzed using an independent t test, Chi-square, and multivariate analysis. The prevalence of RLS was 28.9%. Women with hypertension were 1.90 times more probable to have RLS (adjusted OR 1.90, CI 1.14–3.19). Women with chronic hypertension and superimposed preeclampsia were 2.39 and 2.13 times more probable to experience RLS, respectively. Pre-eclamptic women were 1.87 times more probable to experience RLS. Women with diabetes, gestational diabetes and anemia have also been more likely to have RLS. Results of the present study show that there is a significant relationship between RLS and medical problems such as chronic hypertension, superimposed preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and anemia among pregnant women.


Restless legs syndrome Pregnancy Complications Medical problems Chronic hypertension Superimposed preeclampsia 



We would like to thank all women who participated in this study. Thanks also extended to Clinical Research Development Center in Bahonar Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.


Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences provided all expenses of this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

PA has received financial support from Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. None of the authors have any conflict of interest to disclose.

Ethical approval

The Ethics Committee of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences approved the design of this study.

Informed consent

A written informed consent was obtained from each participant prior to data collection.


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Copyright information

© Belgian Neurological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Community Nutrition, Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery SchoolAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Non-communicable Diseases Research CenterAlborz University of Medical SciencesKarajIran
  3. 3.Biostatistics Department, Non-communicable Diseases Research CenterAlborz University of Medical SciencesKarajIran
  4. 4.Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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