Is there a relationship between restless legs syndrome and medical problems in pregnant women? A cross-sectional study in Iran
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This study aimed to assess the relationship between RLS and medical problems among pregnant women. In this study, 700 pregnant women were recruited. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the International Restless Legs Questionnaire were used to gather information. Data analyzed using an independent t test, Chi-square, and multivariate analysis. The prevalence of RLS was 28.9%. Women with hypertension were 1.90 times more probable to have RLS (adjusted OR 1.90, CI 1.14–3.19). Women with chronic hypertension and superimposed preeclampsia were 2.39 and 2.13 times more probable to experience RLS, respectively. Pre-eclamptic women were 1.87 times more probable to experience RLS. Women with diabetes, gestational diabetes and anemia have also been more likely to have RLS. Results of the present study show that there is a significant relationship between RLS and medical problems such as chronic hypertension, superimposed preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and anemia among pregnant women.
KeywordsRestless legs syndrome Pregnancy Complications Medical problems Chronic hypertension Superimposed preeclampsia
We would like to thank all women who participated in this study. Thanks also extended to Clinical Research Development Center in Bahonar Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences provided all expenses of this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
PA has received financial support from Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. None of the authors have any conflict of interest to disclose.
The Ethics Committee of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences approved the design of this study.
A written informed consent was obtained from each participant prior to data collection.
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