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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 692–698 | Cite as

Performance of Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Different Strawberry Cultivars

  • A Benatto
  • S C Penteado
  • M A C ZawadneakEmail author
Pest Management
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

The green aphid Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is one of the most important pests of strawberry production systems worldwide. One of the fundamental points for developing management strategies for this aphid is the understanding of its population growth since this allows predictions about future population peaks and which are the most appropriate hosts for its survival and reproduction. Thus, the goal of this study was to evaluate the biological and population growth parameters of C. fragaefolii in four strawberry cultivars (Albion, Aromas, Camarosa, and San Andreas). The highest survival of the nymph stage was observed in ‘San Andreas’ (87%) and the lowest in ‘Camarosa’ (43%). ‘Albion’ had the highest net reproductive rate (R0 = 6.39) and the mean time for the population to double in number (TD = 5.61), thus presenting the best reproductive parameters for C. fragaefolii. ‘Camarosa’ and ‘Aromas’ had the lowest R0 values (2.65 and 2.70, respectively) and the highest TD values (10.89 and 10.34, respectively). We conclude that antibiosis mechanisms are involved in the resistance process of ‘Camarosa’ to C. fragaefolii. The characterization and the use of resistant cultivars can be an essential strategy to assist aphid management.

Keywords

Fragaria x ananassa Duschene green aphid fecundity life table plant resistance antibiosis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank PROEXT MEC Sesu for the financial support, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Nível Superior (CAPES) for a grant to the first author, the Fundação Araucária de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico do Estado do Paraná (FA) for the productivity grants in research awarded to the last author, and Bioagro (Araucária, Paraná State, Brazil) for providing seedlings.

Author’s Contribution

AB, SCP, and MACZ planned and designed the study, AB executed experimental work and conducted the data analyses, and AB, SCP, and MACZ wrote the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depto de Fitotecnia e Fitossanitarismo, Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronomia – Produção VegetalUniv Federal do Paraná - UFPRCuritibaBrasil
  2. 2.Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa AgropecuáriaEmbrapa FlorestasColomboBrasil

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