Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 633–644 | Cite as

Neotropical Species of Metaphycus (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) Parasitoids of Ceroplastes (Hemiptera, Coccidae): New Species, Interaction Records, and a Checklist

  • M T TavaresEmail author
  • M E V Santos
  • A Dal Molin
  • A L B G Peronti
  • C R Sousa-Silva
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology


Parasitoids of Ceroplastes Gray were surveyed in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Among the parasitoids reared, seven species of Metaphycus Mercet (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) were obtained. Metaphycusanaluciaesp. nov., M. floridensissp. nov., and M. grandissp. nov., are described as new species, and M. ceros Noyes, M. comes Noyes, M. dardanus Noyes, M. opis Noyes are recorded for the first time from Brazil. Ten new host-parasitoid associations are reported: M. analuciaesp. nov. parasitizing C. formicarius Hempel, C. glomeratus Peronti and C. iheringi Cockerel; M. ceros parasitizing C. cirripediformis Comstock; M. comes parasitizing C. formicarius; M. dardanus parasitizing C. glomeratus; M. floridensissp. nov. parasitizing C. floridensis; M. grandissp. nov. parasitizing C. grandis Hempel; and M. opis parasitizing C. glomeratus and C. janeirensis (Gray). A checklist of Metaphycus species associated with Ceroplastes, their distribution and host ranges are summarized and discussed.


Ceroplastinae Chalcidoidea host-parasitoid interactions parasitoid wasps wax scale 



The authors thank Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa e Inovação do Espírito Santo (FAPES) for the financial support (MTT and MEVS); Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia - Himenópteros Parasitoides (INCT-HYMPAR) supported by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) Proc. no. 465562/2014-0), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) (Proc. no. 2014/50940-2), and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the fellowship to ADM (Proc. no. 88887.142022/2017-00) and to MEVS (Proc. no. 1702180). Thanks also to anonymous reviewers for their input in early versions of this article.

Nomenclature Zoobank entry for this article:

Author Contribution

ALBGP and CRSS planed, designed, and executed experimental work; ALBGP identified the species of Ceroplastes; MTT and MEVS identified and described the Metaphycus species; MEVS produced the illustrations and plates; MTT, MEVS, ADM, and ALBGP wrote the manuscript; MTT and ADM compiled the checklist of Metaphycus species recorded as parasitoids of Ceroplastes (Table 1); ADM prepared the supplementary files (morphology and material data sheets) and revised the English version of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

13744_2019_676_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (18 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 17 kb)
13744_2019_676_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (13 kb)
ESM 2 (XLSX 12 kb)


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depto de Ciências BiológicasUniv Federal do Espírito SantoVitóriaBrasil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia AnimalUniv Federal do Espírito SantoVitóriaBrasil
  3. 3.Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias de JaboticabalUniv Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita FilhoJaboticabalBrasil
  4. 4.In memoriam. Depto de Ecologia e Biologia EvolutivaUniv Federal de São CarlosSão CarlosBrasil

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