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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 527–537 | Cite as

Effects of Wood Density on Aquatic Insect Communities in a Cuban Montane Rainforest Stream

  • B T MartínezEmail author
  • A T Quintana
  • Y T Cambas
  • F O Roque
Ecology, Behavior and Bionomics

Abstract

We tested whether hardness or different wood carbon densities, considered as the concentration of carbon structural compounds, influence functional feeding groups and species richness of aquatic insects in a tropical stream. We expected that harder woods would harbor aquatic insect communities with species richness and functional food group profile different from softwoods. We also expected that collector-gatherers and collector-filterers will be more abundant in softwood because harder woods are less substrate suitable for biofilm production. Aquatic insects associated with the following plants were analyzed: Gomidesia lindeniana with high-density, Psychotria grandis with medium-density, and Meriania leucantha with low-density wood. Diptera and Ephemeroptera were the most abundant groups sampled in the woods. Psychotria grandis shows higher concentrations of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose, followed by G. lindeniana and M. leucantha. Breakdown rates are different among plant species with M. leucantha having four times highest breakdown rates and on average three more species in the species richness value. We did not find significant differences in the composition of insect species associated with the plants. We found evidence that the richness and functional organization of aquatic insect communities were mostly related to the breakdown rates and lignin amount of the woods. Plants that decompose faster on average have three more species and two more insect functional groups. Our findings suggest that the loss of high carbon density trees in tropical forests can affect aquatic biodiversity.

Keywords

Aquatic macroinvertebrates riparian forest carbon densities colonization Cuban stream wood decomposition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the grants from the National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) and Centro Oriental de Ecosistemas y Biodiversidad (BIOECO). Denis Dennis Ávila helped with the experiment. F.O. Roque received fellowships from CNPq and Fundect. Adrian Barnett helped with the English.

Author’s contributions

BT, AT, and YT planned and executed the experimental work. BT and FO conducted data analyses and wrote the manuscript.

Supplementary material

13744_2019_670_MOESM1_ESM.doc (4.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 4659 kb)

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Program in Ecology and ConservationUFMSCampo GrandeBrasil
  2. 2.Lab de Ecologia, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ecologia e ConservaçãoCampo GrandeBrasil
  3. 3.Facultad de Biología, Depto de Biología Animal y HumanaUniv de La HabanaLa HabanaCuba
  4. 4.Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Depto de BiologíaUniv de OrienteSantiago de CubaCuba
  5. 5.Lab de Ecologia, Centro de Ciencias Biológicas e da SaúdeUniv Federal de Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrasil
  6. 6.Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS)James Cook UnivCairnsAustralia

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