Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 614–627 | Cite as

Overlooked South American noctuid species: revalidation of Feltia llanoi stat. rev. and redescription of Feltia brachystria (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  • G San BlasEmail author
  • F M Silva Dias
  • A Specht
  • M Martins Casagrande
  • O H Hendrik Mielke
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology


Feltia llanoi (Köhler, 1953) stat. rev. and its hitherto senior subjective synonym Feltia brachystria (Hampson, 1903) are two species of noctuid moths with unusual broadly bipectinate antenna and restricted distribution in central eastern Argentina, southern Brazil, and Uruguay. Examination of the type of specimens and further material from several collections indicates that these names are not synonyms, but valid species, and reveal the occurrence of F. llanoistat. rev. in Brazil. Therefore, F. llanoistat. rev. and F. brachystria are redescribed and the former name is reinstated to species, including taxonomic comments, illustration of some characters of taxonomic importance, and of structures of the male and female genitalia. The species are compared with similar-looking and supposedly closely related species, such as F. chilensis (Hampson, 1903), F. carolia (Schaus, 1929), and F. gypaetina (Guenée, 1852). Additionally, in order to stabilize nomenclature, a lectotype for F. llanoistat. rev. is designated, and Agrotis daguerrei Köhler, 1961 is here recognized as a junior subjective synonym of F. llanoistat. rev. (syn. nov.).


Agrotina Agrotis Argentina Brazil Uruguay Pampean biome 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Amabílio de Camargo (EMBRAPA), Dr. Eduardo Ely (MECB), Dr. Gervásio Carvalho (MCTP), Dr. Victor Becker (VOB), Alfred Moser (CLAM), Arturo Roig (MACN), Emilia Constanza Perez (IFML), Martin Honey and Alberto Zilli (NHMUK), and Axel Haussmann and Ulf Buschbaum (ZSM), for allowing access to specimens under their care, and for help with pictures and type specimens, and the Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UNLPam) provided workspace and equipment. GSB thanks the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT-2016-0588) and the Universidad Nacional de La Pampa (POIRE-2016-17) for the financial support; FMSD, AS, OHHM and MMC thanks the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes) for grants and fellowships granted to the authors (MMC: 308247/2013-2, CNPq; OHHM: 304639/2014-1, CNPq; AS: 403376/2013-0, 306601/2016-8, CNPq; FMSD: 150670/2018-4, CNPq, and Edital 15/2014, Capes/Embrapa), the support of the Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa) (SEG MP2, and the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio) and Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA) for the authorizations for scientific activities (SISBIO 48218-3).

Author Contribution Statement

GSB and FMS conceptualized the work and prepared the figures; AS conducted the systematic samplings; GSB, FMS, and AS wrote the original draft; and FMS, AS, MMC, and OHHM reviewed and edited it.


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CONICET – Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniv Nacional de La PampaSanta RosaArgentina
  2. 2.Lab de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Depto de ZoologiaUniv Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrasil
  3. 3.Embrapa CerradosBrasíliaBrasil

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