Advertisement

Overlooked South American noctuid species: revalidation of Feltia llanoi stat. rev. and redescription of Feltia brachystria (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  • G San BlasEmail author
  • F M Silva Dias
  • A Specht
  • M Martins Casagrande
  • O H Hendrik Mielke
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology

Abstract

Feltia llanoi (Köhler, 1953) stat. rev. and its hitherto senior subjective synonym Feltia brachystria (Hampson, 1903) are two species of noctuid moths with unusual broadly bipectinate antenna and restricted distribution in central eastern Argentina, southern Brazil, and Uruguay. Examination of the type of specimens and further material from several collections indicates that these names are not synonyms, but valid species, and reveal the occurrence of F. llanoistat. rev. in Brazil. Therefore, F. llanoistat. rev. and F. brachystria are redescribed and the former name is reinstated to species, including taxonomic comments, illustration of some characters of taxonomic importance, and of structures of the male and female genitalia. The species are compared with similar-looking and supposedly closely related species, such as F. chilensis (Hampson, 1903), F. carolia (Schaus, 1929), and F. gypaetina (Guenée, 1852). Additionally, in order to stabilize nomenclature, a lectotype for F. llanoistat. rev. is designated, and Agrotis daguerrei Köhler, 1961 is here recognized as a junior subjective synonym of F. llanoistat. rev. (syn. nov.).

Keywords

Agrotina Agrotis Argentina Brazil Uruguay Pampean biome 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Amabílio de Camargo (EMBRAPA), Dr. Eduardo Ely (MECB), Dr. Gervásio Carvalho (MCTP), Dr. Victor Becker (VOB), Alfred Moser (CLAM), Arturo Roig (MACN), Emilia Constanza Perez (IFML), Martin Honey and Alberto Zilli (NHMUK), and Axel Haussmann and Ulf Buschbaum (ZSM), for allowing access to specimens under their care, and for help with pictures and type specimens, and the Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UNLPam) provided workspace and equipment. GSB thanks the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT-2016-0588) and the Universidad Nacional de La Pampa (POIRE-2016-17) for the financial support; FMSD, AS, OHHM and MMC thanks the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes) for grants and fellowships granted to the authors (MMC: 308247/2013-2, CNPq; OHHM: 304639/2014-1, CNPq; AS: 403376/2013-0, 306601/2016-8, CNPq; FMSD: 150670/2018-4, CNPq, and Edital 15/2014, Capes/Embrapa), the support of the Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa) (SEG MP2 02.13.14.006.00.00), and the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio) and Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA) for the authorizations for scientific activities (SISBIO 48218-3).

Author Contribution Statement

GSB and FMS conceptualized the work and prepared the figures; AS conducted the systematic samplings; GSB, FMS, and AS wrote the original draft; and FMS, AS, MMC, and OHHM reviewed and edited it.

References

  1. Arend LM (1990) Geografia Física. In: Hoffmann GR, Arend LM, da Silveira JCB, Bellomo HR, Nunes LLM (eds) Rio Grande do Sul - Aspectos da Geografia. Martins Livreiro, Porto Alegre, pp 22–53Google Scholar
  2. Beccacece HM, Zapata AI (2016) Amastus gilvus Kohler, 1924, another mistake of labeling (Lepidoptera: Erebidae). SHILAP - Rev Lepid 44(173):13–16Google Scholar
  3. Biezanko CM, Ruffinelli A, Carbonell CS (1957) Lepidoptera del Uruguay. Lista anotada de especies. Rev Fac Agron - Univ Rep (Montevideo) 46:1–152Google Scholar
  4. Biezanko CM, Ruffinelli A, Link D (1974) Plantas y otras sustâncias alimentícias de las orugas de los lepidópteros uruguayos. Rev Cent Cienc Rurais, St Maria 4:107–148Google Scholar
  5. Bilenca D, Miñarro F (2004) Identificación de áreas valiosas de pastizal (AVPs) en las pampas y campos de Argentina, Uruguay y sur de Brasil. Fundación Vida Silvestre Argentina, Buenos Aires, p 323Google Scholar
  6. Clench HK (1955) Revised classification of the butterfly family Lycaenidae and its allies. Ann Carnegie Mus 33:261–274Google Scholar
  7. Cordo HA, Logarzo G, Braun K, Di Iorio OR (2004) Catálogo de insectos fitófagos de la Argentina y sus plantas asociadas. Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, Buenos Aires, p 734Google Scholar
  8. Dias FM, Specht A, San Blas G, Casagrande MM, Mielke OH (2017) Resurgence of a forgotten Southern Brazil endemic species: taxonomic position, redescription, and spatio-temporal distribution of Porosagrotis carolia Schaus, 1929 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Noctuinae). Zootaxa 4363(3):421–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dias FMS, Specht A, Roque-Specht VF, San Blas G, Casagrande MM, Mielke OHH (2018) Feltia submontana (Noctuidae, Noctuinae): redescription, taxonomy, life cycle, and spatial distribution of a neglected South American potential pest species. Neotrop entomol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-018-0611-x
  10. Fox RM (1956) A monograph of the Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera), Part I. Bull Amer Mus Nat Hist 111(1):1–76Google Scholar
  11. Frost SW (1957) The Pennsylvania insect light trap. J Econ Entomol 50:287–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hadley A (2018) CombineZP. http://micropics.org.uk/Czimps_web/CombineZP.msi Accessed 6 August 2018
  13. Hampson GF (1903) Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the Collection of the British Museum. Volume 4. British Museum, London, p 689Google Scholar
  14. Hampson GF (1918) Descriptions of new genera and species of Amatidae, Lithosidae, and Noctuidae. Novit zool 25:93–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Köhler PE (1945) Los Noctuidae argentinos. Subfamilia Agrotinae. Acta Zool Lillo 3:59–134Google Scholar
  16. Köhler PE (1953) Nuevas especies de Heterocera (Lep.). Rev Soc Entomol Argent 16:15–24Google Scholar
  17. Köhler PE (1961) Noctuidarum miscellanea III. An Soc Cient Argent 172:69–94Google Scholar
  18. Köhler PE (1967) Index de los generos de las Noctuinae argentinas (Agrotinae sensu Hampson), Lep. Het. Acta Zool Lillo 21:253–342Google Scholar
  19. Lafontaine JD (2004) The moths of America north of Mexico. Fascicle 27.1: Noctuidae (part) - Agrotini. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington, D.C., p 385Google Scholar
  20. Lafontaine JD, Schmidt BC (2010) Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40:1–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lamas G (1993) Pieris guaranitica Köhler, 1923, descrita de Argentina, es una especie africana (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Rev Peru Entomol 35:11–12Google Scholar
  22. Pastrana JA (2004) Los lepidópteros argentinos: sus plantas hospedadoras y otros sustratos alimenticios. Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, Buenos Aires, p 334Google Scholar
  23. Poole RW (1989) Noctuidae. In: Heppner JB (ed) Lepidopterorum Catalogus (New Series) Fascicle 118. Noctuidae. Parts 1–3. Brill, New York, p 1314Google Scholar
  24. Rizzo HF, La Rosa FR, Moschini RC (1999) Monitoreo de once especies de noctuidos con trampas luminosas e influencia de factores ambientales sobre la dinámica poblacional de adultos de la «oruga desgranadora», Faronta albilinea (Hbn.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Rev Fac Agron - Univ. Buenos Aires 19:157–163Google Scholar
  25. San Blas G (2014) Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae): a systematic analysis of South American species. Zootaxa 3771(1):1–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. San Blas G (2015) A morphological phylogeny of Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), with emphasis on the South American species. Zool Scr 44(2):153–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. San Blas G, Agrain F (2017) Revalidation and redescription of Feltia deprivata (Walker) (= bilitura of authors) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a pest species on South America. Zootaxa 4323(2):250–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seitz A (1919-1944) Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Abteilung II. Amerikanischen Faunengebietes. Band 7. Eulenartige Nachtfalter. Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart, p 508Google Scholar
  29. Shorthouse DP (2010) SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. http://www.simplemappr.net Accessed 06 September 2018
  30. Specht A, Corseuil E (2002) Diversity of owlet-moth (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Salvador do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Rev Bras Zool 19:281–298Google Scholar
  31. Specht A, Silva EJE, Link D (2004) Noctuideos (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) do museu entomológico ceslau biezanko, departamento de fitossanidade, faculdade de agronomia eliseu maciel, universidade federal de pelotas, RS. Rev Bras Agroc 10:389–409Google Scholar
  32. Specht A, Teston JA, Mare RAD, Corseuil E (2005) Noctuídeos (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) coletados em quatro Áreas Estaduais de Conservação do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Rev Bras Entomol 49:130–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Specht A, Angulo AO, Olivares TS, Fronza E, Roque-Specht VF, Valduga E, Albrecht F, Poletto G, Barros NM (2013) Life cycle of Agrotis malefida (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): a diapausing cutworm. Zoologia 30:371–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CONICET – Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniv Nacional de La PampaSanta RosaArgentina
  2. 2.Lab de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Depto de ZoologiaUniv Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrasil
  3. 3.Embrapa CerradosBrasíliaBrasil

Personalised recommendations