Advertisement

Characterization of South Pars gas condensates by physicochemical properties and multivariate modeling

  • S. R. Shirazinia
  • A. SemnaniEmail author
  • M. NekoeiniaEmail author
  • F. Hasanpour
Original Paper
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, the physicochemical properties were combined with the multivariate statistical techniques (factor analysis and correlation analysis) aimed at characterizing different South Pars gas condensate samples. A total of 224 samples from four phases (i.e., PH 1, PH 4,5, PH 9,10 and PH 12) of South Pars gas field, a non-associated gas reservoir in the Persian Gulf between Iran and Qatar, were collected, and five physicochemical parameters including Reid vapor pressure, specific gravity, initial boiling point, mercaptan sulfur and total sulfur were analyzed in order to identify the reservoir origin of gas condensate samples. The factor analysis results showed that the two rotated factors explain 88.9% of the original information. The first factor is linked to total sulfur, mercaptan sulfur and specific gravity and has a significant effect to differentiate between the condensate samples of the four phases. The second factor, which is attributed to Reid vapor pressure and initial boiling point, has a small impact on the characterization of four groups, and it is more related to the within variance of each group. The results showed that the gas condensate samples were correctly and clearly differentiated into four groups according to reservoir origin.

Keywords

Characterization Gas condensate Factor analysis South Pars gas field 

References

  1. 1.
    M. Franco-Aguirre, R.D. Zabala, S.H. Lopera, C.A. Franco, F.B. Cortés, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 51(2018), 53 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Dandekar, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 27, 298 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Mokhatab, W.A. Poe, J.G. Speight, Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing (Gulf Professional Publishing, Burlington, 2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Rahmanian, L.S. Bt Jusoh, M. Homayoonfard, K. Nasrifar, M. Moshfeghian, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 32, 453 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Moghadam, M. Samadi, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl. 3, 461 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Aali, O. Rahmani, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng. 76, 85 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Kiany, Palma J. 16, 150 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Miller, H. Nasrabadi, D. Zhu, International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in China (Society of Petroleum Engineers, Beijing, China, 2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    http://www.pogc.ir. Accessed 23 Nov 2018
  10. 10.
    K.M. Pierce, J.L. Hope, K.J. Johnson, B.W. Wright, R.E. Synovec, J. Chromatogr. A 1096, 101 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.G. Nespeca, J.F.V.L. Munhoz, D.L. Flumignan, J.E. de Oliveira, Fuel 215, 204 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Novák, D. Palya, Z. Bodai, Z. Nyiri, N. Magyar, J. Kovács, Z. Eke, Forensic Sci. Int. 270, 61 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L.J. Marshall, J.W. McIlroy, V.L. McGuffin, R. Waddell Smith, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394, 2049 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L.S. Moreira, L.A. d’Avila, D.A. Azevedo, Chromatographia 58, 501 (2003)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Monfreda, A. Gregori, J. Forensic Sci. 56, 372 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L.S.G. Teixeira, F.S. Oliveira, H.C. dos Santos, P.W.L. Cordeiro, S.Q. Almeida, Fuel 87, 346 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M.A. Al-Ghouti, Y.S. Al-Degs, M. Amer, Talanta 76, 1105 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Burri, R. Crockett, R. Hany, D. Rentsch, Fuel 83, 187 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.C.C. Pereira, V.L. Skrobot, E.V.R. Castro, I.C.P. Fortes, V.M.D. Pasa, Energy Fuels 20, 1097 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    ASTM D4052, Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    ASTM D5191, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method) (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    ASTM D86, Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    UOP163, Hydrogen Sulfide and Mercaptan Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons by Potentiometric Titration (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    ASTM D6667, Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Huerta, V. Leiva, C. Lillo, M. Rodríguez, Appl. Stoch. Mod. Bus. Ind. 34, 305 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Filzmoser, R.G. Garrett, C. Reimann, Comput. Geosci. 31, 579 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Nekoeinia, R. Mohajer, M.H. Salehi, O. Moradlou, Environ. Earth Sci. 75, 760 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M.F. Acevedo, Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    T.T.H. Le, S. Zeunert, M. Lorenz, G. Meon, Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. 24, 13845 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Gibrilla, E.K.P. Bam, D. Adomako, S. Ganyaglo, S. Osae, T.T. Akiti, S. Kebede, E. Achoribo, E. Ahialey, G. Ayanu, E.K. Agyeman, Water Qual. Exposure. Health 3, 63 (2011)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Q. Geng, P. Wu, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, Int. J. Climatol. 34, 2163 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Li, Z. Li, J. Gong, Int. J. Image Data Fusion 1(2010), 47 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. McGarigal, S. Cushman, S. Stafford, Multivariate Statistics for Wildlife and Ecology Research (Springer, New York, 2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of ShahrekordShahrekordIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPayame Noor University (PNU)TehranIran

Personalised recommendations