Sonosynthesis of furan-2(5H)-ones using nanosilica-tethered polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes

  • Hossein Shahbazi-AlaviEmail author
  • Sheida Khojasteh-Khosro
  • Javad Safaei-Ghomi
  • Seyed Hadi Nazemzadeh
Original Paper


An easy and rapid method for the synthesis of 3,4,5-substituted furan-2 (5H)-ones has been achieved through a three-component reaction of aniline, dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylate, and aromatic aldehydes using nanosilica-tethered polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes with eight branches of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane as catalyst under ultrasonic irradiations. We reported a class of organic–inorganic hybrid material based on nanosilica-tethered polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes with eight branches of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (nanosilica @APTPOSS). The catalyst has been characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), scanning electronic microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, DLS (dynamic light scattering), and thermal gravimetric analysis. The high efficiency, short reaction times, simple workup, reusability of the catalyst up to six runs without considerable loss of activity, using the sonochemical procedure as green process, and an alternative energy source are some benefits of this method.

Graphic abstract


Organic–inorganic hybrid Nanocatalyst Furan-2 (5H)-ones Ultrasonic conditions One-pot 



The authors are grateful to University of Kashan for supporting this work by Grant NO: 159196/XXI.


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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Kashan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKashanIran
  2. 2.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of KashanKashanIran

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