Vanadium (IV) complexes with Schiff base ligands derived from 2,3-diaminopyridine as catalyst for the oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides with H2O2
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Sulfoxides are substances used in the synthesis of valuable complexes and as drugs in medicine. Sulfides were selectively oxidized to the corresponding sulfoxides in proper yields with (H2O2) hydrogen peroxide applying a vanadium (IV) Schiff base complex in the role of a catalyst in glacial acetic acid in the role of solvent beneath mild conditions. For the conversion of sulfides to sulfoxides of various catalysts are applied. It must be noted that in our previous article, the vanadyl complexes (VOY1) synthesized were applied as a catalyst in the epoxidation of styrene (Zabardasti and Shangaie, J Iran Chem Soc 13:1875–1886, 2016) but in the new work, vanadium (IV) complexes with Schiff base ligands derived from 2,3-diaminopyridine were used to as catalyst for the oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides with H2O2. To the most of our information, there is not any literature description on the selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides by means of a vanadium (IV) Schiff base complex with N, O donor ligand derived from 2,3-diaminopyridine catalyst beneath these conditions. Dimethyl sulfide was chosen as a pattern substrate for optimization experiments. Oxidation of sulfides was functioned at 25 °C temperature in the attendance of a catalytic quantity of the vanadium (IV) complex or (VOY1) utilizing 20% H2O2 in the role of the oxidant, Scheme 1 and glacial acetic acid in the role of the solvent.
KeywordsSulfide Hydrogen peroxide Selective oxidation Catalyst VO2+ Schiff base complex 2,3-Diaminopyridine Sulfoxide
We are appreciative for the commercial assistance of Kurdistan University of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
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