Surfactant-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid micro-extraction combined with magnetic solid-phase extraction for analysis of polyphenols in tobacco samples

Original Paper
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Abstract

A novel and simple two-step micro-extraction technique combining surfactant-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid micro-extraction and magnetic solid-phase extraction prior to high-performance liquid chromatography was established for analysis of polyphenols including chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and scopoletin in tobacco samples. In the developed system, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by a one-step chemical co-precipitation method and used to remove hydrophobic substances in tobacco samples by physical adsorption. Low-density solvent (1-heptanol) and cationic surfactant cethyltrimethyl ammonium bromide were employed as extraction solvent and disperser agent, respectively. Under the optimized experimental conditions, a good linearity of the method was obtained over the concentration range from 0.1 to 1000 ng mL−1 for target analytes. The limits of detection (S/N = 3) were 0.05 ng mL−1 for CGA, 0.10 ng mL−1 for CFA, and 0.12 ng mL−1 for SP, respectively. Finally, the applicability of the developed method was evaluated by extraction and determination of these three phenolic compounds in tobacco samples and satisfactory average recoveries of spiked samples were between 96.6 and 102.7%.

Keywords

High-performance liquid chromatography Magnetic solid-phase extraction Polyphenols Surfactant-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid micro-extraction Tobacco 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was strongly supported by Science and Technology Project of Yunnan Province (No. 2016539200340124) and Analysis and Testing Foundation of Kunming University of Science and Technology.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The paper does not contain any researches with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunbo Liu
    • 1
  • Zhihua Liu
    • 1
  • Meng Wang
    • 2
  • Yaling Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.Technology Center of Yunnan Tobacco Industry Limited Liability CompanyKunmingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Life Science and TechnologyKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina

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