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Synthesis of palladium nanocubes decorated polypyrrole nanotubes and its application for electrochemical sensing

  • Xinjin Zhang
  • Qinglin Sheng
  • Jianbin ZhengEmail author
Original Paper
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

In present work, typical nanocomposites were synthesized, composed of polypyrrole nanotubes and palladium nanocubes. The morphology and composition of the nanocomposites were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The obtained data indicated that the polypyrrole nanotubes and palladium nanocubes were well dispersed with the uniform size about 180 nm and 12.5 nm, respectively. Then the nanocomposites were modified on a glassy carbon electrode to build an electrochemical sensor of dopamine. The data of electrochemical experiments showed that the sensor has an excellent catalytic ability to detect dopamine in a linear range from 1.0 µM to 3.0 mM with a detection limit of 0.33 µM at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3, a sensitivity of 228.56 µA mM−1 cm−2 and a response time of 3 s. The process might provide a special idea to construct a sensor or for application in other fields.

Keywords

Electrochemical sensor Non-enzymatic Dopamine Palladium nanocubes Polypyrrole nanotubes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of this project by the National Science Foundation of China (No. 21575113), Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20126101110013), Northwest University Graduate Innovation and Creativity Funds (No. YZZ17125), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province in China (2013KJXX-25), and the Scientific Research Foundation of Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory (Nos. 15JS100, 16JS099).

Supplementary material

13738_2018_1578_MOESM1_ESM.doc (140 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 139 KB)

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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Materials Science/Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical ChemistryNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.College of Food Science and TechnologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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