Patients with an indwelling tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) for hemodialysis access are at a high risk of developing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. MRSA bacteremia complications rarely include infected aneurysm. Here, we report the first case of an infected thoracic aneurysm associated with TDC-related MRSA bacteremia. An 86-year-old Japanese male with a TDC for hemodialysis access developed TDC-related MRSA bacteremia. Intravenous vancomycin was initiated, and the TDC was removed on day 3. Despite removal of the catheter and initiation of vancomycin treatment, MRSA bacteremia persisted. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed no aneurysm; however, calcification of the thoracic aorta was detected on admission. The patient subsequently developed hemosputum. CT revealed a thoracic aneurysm, which turned out to be caused by MRSA bacteremia. The patient eventually died because of the rupture of the infected aneurysm, as confirmed by autopsy. This report demonstrates TDC management in a patient with TDC-related MRSA bacteremia and the importance of investigating a metastatic infection to a calcified artery if bacteremia persists.
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This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant numbers 16L08698 to KN.
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Conflict of interest
The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from the participant included in this article.
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