Advertisement

Iranian Polymer Journal

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 347–359 | Cite as

Facile preparation of cellulose–attapulgite nanocomposite hydrogel for dye adsorption

  • Xiaoyu ChenEmail author
  • Chen Chen
  • Jie Zhu
Original Research
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Attapulgite is a kind of silicate with a nano-sized rod-like morphology. In this research, a novel nanocomposite hydrogel based on cellulose and attapulgite was fabricated by a facile method and its adsorption properties for methylene blue were investigated. First, cellulose was dissolved in 7 wt% NaOH/12 wt% urea solution within 2 min, and then cellulose was cross-linked with sodium alginate by epichlorohydrin in presence of attapulgite at 50 °C for 4 h. By this facile approach, cellulose–attapulgite nanocomposite hydrogel was fabricated. SEM observation showed that nanocomposite hydrogel exhibited a porous structure and rough inner surface and attapulgite was incorporated inside. The FTIR and XPS spectra confirmed the cross-linking between cellulose and sodium alginate. The swelling experiment results revealed that sodium alginate enhanced the swelling property of cellulose hydrogel. Swelling degree of cellulose–alginate increased from 36.9 to 42.8 with the increase of sodium alginate content, while swelling degree of pure cellulose hydrogel was 36.3. The addition of attapulgite reduced the swelling degree of nanocomposite hydrogel. Attapulgite enhanced the adsorption capacity of nanocomposite hydrogel compared to the hydrogel without attapulgite. The maximum adsorption capacity of nanocomposite hydrogel was 24.3 mg g−1. Further adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm experiments showed that the pseudo-second-order adsorption model and Freundlich model best described the adsorption kinetics and isotherm, respectively. These results suggest that the nanocomposite hydrogel prepared by this facile method can be used in removing dyes from wastewater.

Keywords

Nanocomposite hydrogel Cellulose Attapulgite Sodium alginate Methylene blue Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful for the financial support provided by Scientific Research Foundation for Doctor of Jinling Institute of Technology (Grant no.jit-b-201415) and Natural Science Foundation for Colleges and Universities of Jiangsu Province (Grant no.12KJD150006).

References

  1. 1.
    Mahdavinia GR, Aghaie H, Sheykhloie H, Vardini MT, Etemadi H (2013) Synthesis of CarAlg/MMt nanocomposite hydrogels and adsorption of cationic crystal violet. Carbohydr Polym 98:358–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rashidzadeh A, Olad A, Salari D (2015) The effective removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions by NaAlg-g-poly(acrylic acid-co-acryl amide)/clinoptilolite hydrogel nanocomposite. Fiber Polym 16:354–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abdolhosseinzadeh M, Peighambardoust SJ, Erfan-Niya H, Mohammadzadeh Pakdel P (2018) Swelling and auramine-O adsorption of carboxymethyl cellulose grafted poly(methyl methacrylate)/Cloisite 30B nanocomposite hydrogels. Iran Polym J 27:807–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang R, Li H, Huang M, Yang H, Li A (2016) A review on chitosan-based flocculants and their applications in water treatment. Water Res 95:59–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Qiu H, Qiu Z, Wang J, Zhang R, Zheng F (2014) Enhanced swelling and methylene blue adsorption of polyacrylamide-based superabsorbents using alginate modified montmorillonite. J Appl Polym Sci 131:1–9Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mahdavinia GR, Karami S (2015) Synthesis of magnetic carboxymethyl chitosan-g-poly(acrylamide)/laponite RD nanocomposites with enhanced dye adsorption capacity. Polym Bull 72:2241–2262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu Y, Zheng Y, Wang A (2010) Enhanced adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by chitosan-g-poly (acrylic acid)/vermiculite hydrogel composites. J Environ Sci 22:486–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mahdavinia GR, Asgari A (2013) Synthesis of kappa-carrageenan-g-poly(acrylamide)/sepiolite nanocomposite hydrogels and adsorption of cationic dye. Polym Bull 70:2451–2470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yang H, Wang W, Wang A (2012) A pH-sensitive biopolymer-based superabsorbent nanocomposite from sodium alginate and attapulgite: synthesis, characterization, and swelling behaviors. J Dispers Sci Technol 33:1154–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu Y, Wang W, Jin Y, Wang A (2011) Adsorption behavior of methylene blue from aqueous solution by the hydrogel composites based on attapulgite. Sep Sci Technol 46:858–868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang R, Li D, Li A, Yang H (2018) Adsorption properties and mechanisms of palygorskite for removal of various ionic dyes from water. Appl Clay Sci 151:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang L, Zhang J, Wang A (2011) Fast removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by adsorption onto chitosan-g-poly (acrylic acid)/attapulgite composite. Desalination 266:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang Y, Zeng L, Ren X, Song H, Wang A (2010) Removal of methyl violet from aqueous solutions using poly (acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/attapulgite composite. J Environ Sci 22:7–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li Q, Zhao Y, Wang L, Aiqin W (2011) Adsorption characteristics of methylene blue onto the N-succinyl-chitosan-g-polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite. Korean J Chem Eng 28:1658–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    de Azevedo ACN, Vaz MG, Gomes RF, Pereira AGB, Fajardo AR, Rodrigues FHA (2017) Starch/rice husk ash based superabsorbent composite: high methylene blue removal efficiency. Iran Polym J 26:93–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li K, Li P, Cai J, Xiao S, Yang H, Li A (2016) Efficient adsorption of both methyl orange and chromium from their aqueous mixtures using a quaternary ammonium salt modified chitosan magnetic composite adsorbent. Chemosphere 154:310–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bhattacharyya R, Ray SK (2015) Adsorption of industrial dyes by semi-IPN hydrogels of acrylic copolymers and sodium alginate. J Indus Eng Chem 22:92–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hosseinzadeh H, Zoroufi S, Mahdavinia GR (2015) Study on adsorption of cationic dye on novel kappa-carrageenan/poly(vinyl alcohol)/montmorillonite nanocomposite hydrogels. Polym Bull 72:1339–1363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Song Y, Zhou J, Li Q, Lue A, Zhang L (2009) Solution properties of the acrylamide-modified cellulose polyelectrolytes in aqueous solutions. Carbohydr Res 344:1332–1339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wu Y, Luo X, Li W, Song R, Li J, Li Y, Li B, Liu S (2016) Green and biodegradable composite films with novel antimicrobial performance based on cellulose. Food Chem 197:250–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li R, Du J, Zheng Y, Wen Y, Zhang X, Yang W, Lue A, Zhang L (2017) Ultra-lightweight cellulose foam material: preparation and properties. Cellulose 24:1417–1426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bajpai AK, Giri A (2003) Water sorption behaviour of highly swelling (carboxy methylcellulose-g-polyacrylamide) hydrogels and release of potassium nitrate as agrochemical. Carbohydr Polym 53:271–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cai J, Zhang L, Liu S, Liu Y, Xu X, Chen X, Chu B, Guo X, Xu J, Cheng H, Han CC, Kuga S (2008) Dynamic self-assembly induced rapid dissolution of cellulose at low temperatures. Macromolecules 41:9345–9351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cai J, Zhang L, Zhou J, Qi H, Chen H, Kondo T, Chen X, Chu B (2007) Multifilament fibers based on dissolution of cellulose in NaOH/urea aqueous solution: structure and properties. Adv Mater 19:821–825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Song Y, Zhou J, Zhang L, Wu X (2008) Homogenous modification of cellulose with acrylamide in NaOH/urea aqueous solutions. Carbohydr Polym 73:18–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Luo X, Liu S, Zhou J, Zhang L (2009) In situ synthesis of Fe3O4/cellulose microspheres with magnetic-induced protein delivery. J Mater Chem 19:3538–3545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chen X, Xiaoxue Song Y Sun (2016) Attapulgite nanofiber-cellulose nanocomposite with core-shell structure for dye adsorption. Int J Polym Sci 2016:1–9Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu S, Zhang L, Zhou J, Wu R (2008) Structure and properties of cellulose/Fe2O3 nanocomposite fibers spun via an effective pathway. J Phys Chem C 112:4538–4544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chang C, Zhang L, Zhou J, Zhang L, Kennedy JF (2010) Structure and properties of hydrogels prepared from cellulose in NaOH/urea aqueous solutions. Carbohydr Polym 82:122–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chang C, Duan B, Cai J, Zhang L (2010) Superabsorbent hydrogels based on cellulose for smart swelling and controllable delivery. Eur Polym J 46:92–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Paulino AT, Guilherme MR, Reis AV, Campese GM, Muniz EC, Nozaki J (2006) Removal of methylene blue dye from an aqueous media using superabsorbent hydrogel supported on modified polysaccharide. J Colloid Interface Sci 301:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang W, Wang A (2010) Nanocomposite of carboxymethyl cellulose and attapulgite as a novel pH-sensitive superabsorbent: synthesis, characterization and properties. Carbohydr Polym 82:83–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Huang JH, Liu YF, Jin QZ, Wang XG (2007) Spectra study on the influence of drying process on palygorskite structure. Spectrosc Spect Anal 27:408–410Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lei Z, Yang Q, Wu S, Song X (2009) Reinforcement of polyurethane/epoxy interpenetrating network nanocomposites with an organically modified palygorskite. J Appl Polym Sci 111:3150–3162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Cheng HL, Feng QH, Liao CA, Liu Y, Wu DB, Wang QG (2016) Removal of methylene blue with hemicellulose/clay hybrid hydrogels. Chin J Polym Sci 34:709–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Crini G, Peindy HN (2006) Adsorption of C.I. Basic blue 9 on cyclodextrin-based material containing carboxylic groups. Dyes Pigm 70:204–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Song N, Wu XL, Zhong S, Lin H, Chen JR (2015) Biocompatible G-Fe3O4/CA nanocomposites for the removal of methylene blue. J Mol Liq 212:63–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Fan L, Luo C, Sun M, Qiu H, Li X (2013) Synthesis of magnetic β-cyclodextrin–chitosan/graphene oxide as nanoadsorbent and its application in dye adsorption and removal. Colloid Surf B Biointerface 103:601–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gad YH (2008) Preparation and characterization of poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane-sulfonic acid)/Chitosan hydrogel using gamma irradiation and its application in wastewater treatment. Radiat Phys Chem 77:1101–1107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Chen R, Zhang Y, Shen L, Wang X, Chen J, Ma A, Jiang W (2015) Lead(II) and methylene blue removal using a fully biodegradable hydrogel based on starch immobilized humic acid. Chem Eng J 268:348–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Guo L, Li G, Liu J, Meng Y, Tang Y (2013) Adsorptive decolorization of methylene blue by crosslinked porous starch. Carbohydr Polym 93:374–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Al-Futaisi A, Jamrah A, Al-Rawas A, Al-Hanai S (2007) Adsorption capacity and mineralogical and physico-chemical characteristics of Shuwaymiyah palygorskite (Oman). Environ Geol 51:1317–1327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Auta M, Hameed BH (2014) Chitosan–clay composite as highly effective and low-cost adsorbent for batch and fixed-bed adsorption of methylene blue. Chem Eng J 237:352–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zhou C, Wu Q, Lei T, Negulescu II (2014) Adsorption kinetic and equilibrium studies for methylene blue dye by partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide/cellulose nanocrystal nanocomposite hydrogels. Chem Eng J 251:17–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Material EngineeringJinling Institute of TechnologyNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations