Iranian Polymer Journal

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 51–63 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of Calendula officinalis-loaded PCL/gum arabic nanocomposite scaffolds for wound healing applications

  • Zahra Pedram Rad
  • Javad MokhtariEmail author
  • Marjan Abbasi
Original Research


Medicinal plants such as Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis) are commonly used for skin wounds’ treatment. On the other hand, gum arabic (GA) has a lot of potential for use in wound healing because of its unique physio-chemical properties. Wound healing activity of gum arabic (GA) and Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis) along with good mechanical properties of poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) can produce a suitable nanofibrous scaffold for skin tissue engineering as well as wound dressing application. In this study, PCL/C. officinalis/GA nanofibrous scaffolds with diameter distribution in the range of 85–290 nm were prepared via electrospinning. Characteristics of the nanofibrous scaffolds, i.e., morphology, scaffold compounds, porosity, mechanical and antibacterial properties, hydrophilicity and degradability in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) were investigated. Cell viability and proliferation of scaffolds were evaluated by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] assay. Results indicated that hydrophilicity of the PCL/C. officinalis/GA scaffolds was higher than the PCL scaffold. The tensile strength and elongation of the PCL/C. officinalis/GA scaffolds were in the range of 2.13–4.41 MPa and 26.37–74.37%, respectively, which are very suitable for skin tissue engineering. The porosity of the scaffolds was higher than 60% and was appropriate for the proliferation of fibroblast cells. The nanocomposite scaffold also showed suitable degradability and antimicrobial activity. Moreover, cell culture indicated that GA and C. officinalis promoted cell attachment and proliferation. It can be concluded that the nanofibrous calendula-loaded PCL/GA scaffolds are well suited for regenerating skin.


Electrospinning Nanofibers Skin tissue engineering Gum arabic Calendula officinalis Polycaprolactone 



The work was supported by University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.


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Copyright information

© Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahra Pedram Rad
    • 1
  • Javad Mokhtari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marjan Abbasi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of GuilanRashtIran

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