Factors Influencing Parents’ and Children’s Misperception of Children’s Weight Status: a Systematic Review of Current Research
Purpose of Review
Misperception of children’s weight status is prevalent among parents and children themselves and may impact parents’ and children’s health behaviors. This study was conducted in order to provide a descriptive systematic review of research on factors influencing parents’ and children’s misperceptions of children’s weight status published in the past 5 years.
Factors studied most often in relation to parents’ and children’s misperception included children’s weight status, gender, and age, as well as parents’ weight status, parental education levels and socioeconomic status, and ethnicity. Most determinants that were found to have a significant influence on misperception in parents also did in children.
The literature on misperception of children’s weight status is extensive. Most determinants assessed in included studies were known determinants of childhood obesity. Further research should be directed toward better understanding the impact of weight status perception (whether it is accurate or not) on health behaviors and weight gain over time.
KeywordsWeight status Misperception Children Parents Obesity
Rosanne Blanchet was supported by a Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship. Cris-Carelle Kengneson was supported by masters’ awards from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Consortium national de formation en santé – Volet Université d’Ottawa. Alexandra Bodnaruc was supported by an Ontario Graduate Studies doctoral award.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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