Health for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Older Adults
Purpose for Review
The growing geriatric population includes gender minorities or the LGBTQ adults who present with a rich history of unique experiences that have invariably affected the provision and access to quality health care services. The purpose of this article is to review, understand, and discuss the differences and similarities of health-related geriatric issues within and between them.
Based on the existing literature, relevant findings include the identification of multiple marginalized identities within oppressive social systems, negative health outcomes, and the presence of health care disparities as shaped by economic barriers, discriminatory regulatory policies, and stigmatizing practices by society and the government at large.
There is therefore a call to action to provide better health care by instituting reforms in policies, cultural competency training, improved data collection of gender identities and sexual orientation in national surveys, better research, and a cultural shift in the way this population is to be universally treated.
KeywordsLesbian, gay, bisexual, queer/questioning older adults LGBTQ geriatric population Mental health and the LGBTQ community Gender minority issues and older adults Health equity Discrimination Gender identity Sexual orientation Stigmatization
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Noelle Marie Javier and Austin Gerhard Oswald declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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