Endometrial Cancer General Perspectives, Epidemiology
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Purpose of Review
This paper focuses on the epidemiologic factors that are effective on the pathology of the endometrial malignancy. Based on previous reviews and recent articles on endometrial cancer, we sought to define risk factors and related diseases to endometrial malignancies.
Previous studies have shown that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activity is stimulated by diverse oncogenes and growth factor receptors, and elevated PI3K signaling is considered a hallmark of cancer. A major antagonist of PI3K activity is phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a tumor suppressor which is often mutated or lost in type I endometrial cancer cells.
Endometrial cancer is still a problem in developed countries since adiposity and sedentary way of life. However, we have not found a feasible way to screen endometrial malignancies. In the future, with the advancing of genetic studies, screening could be applicable.
KeywordsEndometrium Cancer Epidemiology Obesity Malignancy HNPCC
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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