Improving Adherence to PAP Therapy: an Update
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Purpose of Review
Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is the “gold standard” of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea; however, rates of non-adherence to PAP therapy remain high despite device improvements and the inclusion of PAP education programs in most comprehensive sleep disorders clinics. We aimed to review recent evidence-based trends for improving PAP adherence.
Remote monitoring and telemedicine interventions in conjunction with mobile patient engagement applications have shown promise in facilitating uptake and maintenance of PAP use. New focus on the bedpartner dyad and managing comorbid conditions are also notable, though more recent evidence for specific interventions is limited.
Recent trends suggest a shift towards developing more patient-centered programs to support PAP adherence. Advancements in telemedicine and interactive mobile health technologies represent the most promising area of growth for PAP adherence interventions. Continued efforts focused on treatments that address socio-relational factors and comorbid conditions seem warranted.
KeywordsPositive airway pressure Obstructive sleep apnea Adherence Compliance Telemedicine
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Earl Crew, William Wohlgemuth, and Douglas Wallace declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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