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Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 435–444 | Cite as

Pre-clinical investigation of anti-diarrheal and CNS depressant effect of Wedelia trilobata in Swiss albino mice

  • Md. Al Foyjul Islam
  • Anindya Barua
  • Maksud Hassan Binoy
  • Md. Jahir Alam
  • Md. Ershad
  • M. S. K. Choudhuri
  • Runa MasumaEmail author
Research Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Wedelia trilobata (WT) has been used in folk medicine to alleviate several diseases such as cough, cold, flu, fever and inflammation. The study was investigated to evaluate anti-diarrheal and CNS effect of ethanolic extract of W. trilobata in mice. Anti-diarrheal effect was evaluated using castor oil and MgSO4 induced diarrhea tests in mice. Gastrointestinal motility was measured using BaSO4. CNS effect was investigated using hole board, hole cross and elevated plus maze tests. Extract was used at dose of 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg body weight. Loperamide (10 mg/kg per oral) and diazepam (4 mg/kg) were used as standard drug. The crude extract exhibited significant anti-diarrheal effect in the total number of feces and episodes of diarrheal feces. Treatment with WT at both the doses, very highly reduced diarrhea significantly (p < 0.001) in castor oil and MgSO4 induced diarrheal tests. WT at 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg reduced diarrheal stools by 71.25% (p < 0.001) and 76.25% (p < 0.001) in castor oil induced diarrhea. In the MgSO4 induced diarrhea, the extract reduced diarrhea by 62.79% (p < 0.001) and 65.12% (p < 0.001), respectively. WT at 2000 mg/kg inhibited GI motility very highly significantly (p < 0.001). Standard drug, loperamide (10 mg/kg) had very highly significant (p < 0.001) antidiarrheal effect. In the CNS, the extract resulted significant depressant effect (p < 0.001) in hole board, hole cross and elevated plus maze test. WT extract possessed significant antidiarrheal and CNS depressant properties.

Keywords

Wedelia trilobata Antidiarrheal effect Castor oil and MgSO4 induced diarrhea BaSO4 induced GI motility CNS depressant effect 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are thankful to Mr. Shafiqul Islam, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pharmacy, Jahangirnagar University, for his cooperation in caring of Swiss albino mice during the experiment.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

This study is reviewed and approved by the Biosafety, Biosecurity and Ethical committee of Jahangirnagar University and the reference number is BBEC, Ju/M 2018(10)2.

Conflict of interest

Md. Al Foyjul Islam has no conflict of interest. Anindya Barua has no conflict of interest. Maksud Hassan Binoy has no conflict of interest. Md. Jahir Alam has no conflict of interest. Md. Ershad has no conflict of interest. M. S. K. Choudhuri has no conflict of interest. Runa Masuma has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Al Foyjul Islam
    • 1
  • Anindya Barua
    • 1
  • Maksud Hassan Binoy
    • 1
  • Md. Jahir Alam
    • 1
  • Md. Ershad
    • 2
  • M. S. K. Choudhuri
    • 1
  • Runa Masuma
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PharmacyJahangirnagar UniversitySavar, DhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryJahangirnagar UniversitySavar, DhakaBangladesh

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