Radial growth of Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata displays a larger temperature sensitivity in dominant than codominant trees

  • Ching-Chu Tsai
  • Li-Fen Hung
  • Jeng-Der Chung
  • Shiang-Jiuun Chen
  • Ching-Te Chien
  • Wen-Yuan KaoEmail author
  • Ling-Long Kuo-HuangEmail author
Research Paper


Key message

The radial wood growth curves of Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata (an endangered species of subtropical Taiwan) exhibit an S shape. The dominant trees displayed a larger radial growth than the codominant trees, and their growth was more sensitive to air temperature.


Knowledge of wood radial growth is important for evaluating the factors that limit tree growth performance. The relevant experiments have mostly been conducted in cold and temperate ecosystems, but rarely in subtropical ecosystems.


In this study, we aimed to construct a unified radial growth model for Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata and to identify its sensitivity to temperature.


The wood radial increments were quantified for 3 years by either pinning or microcoring. The radial wood growth curves were modelled integratively by semiparametric regression and individually by curve fitting. The effects of tree social class, interannual and environmental factors on radial growth were analysed quantitatively.


A unified S-shaped growth model for C. kanehirae was successfully constructed. By including the social class effect, the model was significantly improved. The maximum radial increment (A) was significantly correlated with the maximum growth rate (μ); both A and μ were significantly higher in dominant than in codominant trees. The time-varying radial growth rate was more sensitive to air temperature in dominant than in codominant trees.


Semiparametric models revealed an S-shaped growth curve of C. kanehirae and confirmed the higher temperature sensitivity of dominant trees compared to codominant trees in humid subtropical areas.


Wood radial growth Semiparametric model Temperature Tree social classes Taiwan 



The authors acknowledge support from Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute, National Applied Research Laboratories to provide Data Bank for Atmospheric & Hydrologic Research service. The authors thank the editors and the anonymous referee for their suggestions which substantially improved this paper. C-C Tsai thank Ching-Te Chien and Chin-Mei Lee from Taiwan Forestry Research Institute, Taiwan for their help of setting up the experiment, Tung-Yu Hsieh from Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences for his valuable suggestion on model building, and Hsiao-Hang Tao from Göttingen University for her wise advice on manuscript editing.


This study was funded by Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST 102-2313-B-002-035 and 103-2313-B-002-10).

Compliance with ethical standards

The Executive Committee of the Executive Yuan, Council of Agriculture, Forestry Bureau granted permissions on Republic of China October 5, 106 to Professor Ling-Long Kuo-Huang, for using endangered species of plant (Cinnamomum kanehirae) (No.: 106/010104/02).

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13595_2018_735_MOESM1_ESM.docx (6.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 6727 kb)


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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Ecology and Evolutional BiologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Division of SilvicultureTaiwan Forestry Research InstituteTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Life ScienceNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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