Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis (Carriere) J. Houzeau) invasion affects soil phosphorus dynamics in adjacent coniferous forests in subtropical China

  • Chunsheng Wu
  • Qifeng Mo
  • Hankun Wang
  • Zhijian Zhang
  • Guoxian Huang
  • Qing Ye
  • Qin Zou
  • Fanqian Kong
  • Yuanqiu Liu
  • G. Geoff Wang
Original Paper

Abstract

Key message

The invasion of moso bamboo ( Phyllostachys edulis (Carriere) J. Houzeau) into neighboring Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don plantations significantly altered soil P status and dynamics. This alteration in phosphorus dynamics must be considered when assessing the ecological consequence of moso bamboo invasion in subtropical China.

Context

Moso bamboo is a native species that commonly invades into adjacent forests in Asia. Such invasions may significantly alter soil chemical characteristics because moso bamboo has very different traits compared with the tree species it displaces. However, few studies have investigated the effects of moso bamboo invasion on soil phosphorus (P) dynamics.

Aims

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of moso bamboo invasion on soil P dynamics. Specifically, we quantified soil total P, available P, acid phosphatase activity (APA), and microbial biomass P (MBP) in moso bamboo-invaded coniferous stands and compared them to uninvaded stands and pure moso bamboo stands.

Methods

We compared seasonal dynamics of soil P (e.g., total P, available P, APA, and MBP) over a 24-month period among three stand types at Lushan mountain in subtropical China: Cryptomeria japonica plantation (CR), Cryptomeria japonica plantation invaded by Phyllostachys edulis (PH-CR), and Phyllostachys edulis stand (PH).

Results

Total soil P concentration was significantly lower in PH-CR than in CR and PH stands, but soil available P concentration was significantly lower in CR and PH stands. Soil APA was significantly higher in PH-CR than in CR and PH stands. Similarly, soil MBP concentration was higher in PH-CR than in CR and PH stands. Also, soil total P, available P, APA, and MBP concentrations displayed seasonal fluctuations in PH-CR, but remained relatively stable in CR and PH stands during the 2 years.

Conclusion

The invasion of moso bamboo into adjacent C. japonica stands significantly increased soil available P, acid phosphatase activity, and microbial biomass phosphorus, but decreased soil total P. The implication of these changes to ecosystem composition, structure, and function must be explicitly considered in managing moso bamboo invasion in subtropical China.

Keywords

Moso bamboo invasion Soil phosphorus dynamics Cryptomeria japonica forest Ecosystem composition Subtropical China 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the Lushan Mountain National Forest Ecological Station for providing the study sites. This study was financially supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA05050205), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31460185), Gan-Po 555 Talent Project Funding of Jiangxi Province, the Innovation Fund Designated for Graduate Students of Jiangxi Province (YC2016-B037), and CFERN & GENE award funds on ecological papers. We thank Dr. Evan Siemann of Rice University, two anonymous reviewers, and the Chief Editor and Handling Editor of the journal for their suggestions on improving the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunsheng Wu
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Qifeng Mo
    • 2
  • Hankun Wang
    • 1
  • Zhijian Zhang
    • 1
  • Guoxian Huang
    • 1
  • Qing Ye
    • 1
    • 3
  • Qin Zou
    • 3
  • Fanqian Kong
    • 3
  • Yuanqiu Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  • G. Geoff Wang
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Silviculture, Co-Innovation Center of Jiangxi Typical Trees Cultivation and Utilization, College of ForestryJiangxi Agricultural UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Forestry and Landscape ArchitectureSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Lushan Nature Reserve of Jiangxi (Lushan Mountain National Forest Ecological Station)JiujiangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Forestry and Environmental ConservationClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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