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Dairy Science & Technology

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 73–81 | Cite as

Evaluation of volatile compounds produced by Lactobacillus paracasei I90 in a hard-cooked cheese model using solid-phase microextraction

  • Guillermo Hugo PeraltaEmail author
  • Irma Veronica Wolf
  • Carina Viviana Bergamini
  • María Cristina Perotti
  • Erica Rut Hynes
Note

Abstract

Selected strains of mesophilic lactobacilli with key enzymatic activities may be employed to intensify or diversify cheese flavor during ripening. Among enzymes of interest, aminotransferases are most important, as they are involved in the first step of amino acid (AA) catabolism. In previous studies, Lactobacillus paracasei I90 has been shown to increase both the secondary proteolysis in soft and semihard cheeses and the production of volatile compounds in minisoft cheeses. In this work, its potential for the formation of volatile compounds derived from AA catabolism was assessed by solid-phase microextraction coupled to GC-FID/MS in a hard-cooked cheese model, consisting of a cheese extract sterilized by filtration. Lb. paracasei I90 showed aminotransferase activity towards all the AAs studied (branched-chain AAs, aromatic AAs, aspartic acid, and methionine). The highest levels were observed for aspartic acid, followed by branched-chain AAs and tryptophane. Among the volatile compounds derived from AAs, 2-methylbutanal, 3-methylbutanal, diacetyl, 3-methyl1-butanol, acetic, and 3-methylbutanoic acids were detected at higher level in extracts inoculated with Lb. paracasei I90 than in controls. It was concluded that the production of volatile compounds by Lb. paracasei I90 in a hard cheese model was consistent with its main aminotransferase activities, making this strain a good candidate for enhancing flavor in hard cheeses.

Keywords

Amino acid catabolism Lactobacillus paracasei Cheese model Volatile compounds SPME-GC-FID/MS 

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillermo Hugo Peralta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Irma Veronica Wolf
    • 1
  • Carina Viviana Bergamini
    • 1
  • María Cristina Perotti
    • 1
  • Erica Rut Hynes
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Lactología Industrial (INLAIN-UNL/CONICET)Santa FeArgentina

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