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Apidologie

pp 1–10 | Cite as

Rainfall, temperature, and vegetation type influence nesting by the oil-collecting bee Centris (Hemisiella) tarsata in Brazilian restinga

  • Danúbia Maria da CostaEmail author
  • Michela Costa Batista
  • Amaury Soares de Brito
  • Inácio de Barros
  • Adenir Vieira Teodoro
Original article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

Solitary bees are the main pollinators of native plant species and crops, therefore, understanding how they respond to the environment is essential to maintain ecosystem function and services. Here, we assessed how climatic conditions and vegetation type influence Centris tarsata nesting in Brazilian restinga. Evaluations were conducted using trap-nests placed in open areas, shrubby and secondary vegetations, and at understory and canopy in open areas and secondary vegetations. Overall, nesting was higher during the dry season, mostly in open areas at a height of 1.5 m. However, in shrubby and secondary vegetations, nesting seems to be favored by a specific rainfall and temperature range. Furthermore, the amount of brood cells, total number of adults, and nest length were higher in open areas compared to shrubby and secondary vegetations. Therefore, our results show that rainfall, temperature, and vegetation structure are determining factors in C. tarsata nesting in the Brazilian restinga.

Keywords

trap-nests cavity-nesting bees pollinators climate conditions Malpighiaceae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to Dr. Felipe Vivallo from Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro for the collaboration in the identification of C. tarsata. We also thank both reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions, and to the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal (CAPES) for granting the scholarship for the first author and to Embrapa Tabuleiros Costeiros for permission to assess the study area and for providing logistical support.

Authors’ contributions

DMC and AVT conceived this research and designed experiments; MCB participated in the design, analysis, and interpretation of the data; ASB participated in the design; IB performed analysis and interpretation of the data. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em AgroecologiaUniversidade Estadual do MaranhãoSão LuísBrazil
  2. 2.Embrapa Tabuleiros CosteirosAracajuBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agricultura e Ambiente, Universidade Estadual do MaranhãoCentro de Estudos Superiores de BalsasBalsasBrazil
  4. 4.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agricultura e BiodiversidadeUniversidade Federal de SergipeSão CristóvãoBrazil
  5. 5.Embrapa Gado de LeiteJuiz de ForaBrazil

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