Human Cell

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 202–213 | Cite as

Establishment and characterization of a novel dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma cell line, NCC-dCS1-C1

  • Rieko Oyama
  • Fusako Kito
  • Mami Takahashi
  • Marimu Sakumoto
  • Kumiko Shiozawa
  • Zhiwei Qiao
  • Rei Noguchi
  • Takashi Kubo
  • Shunichi Toki
  • Fumihiko Nakatani
  • Akihiko Yoshida
  • Akira Kawai
  • Tadashi KondoEmail author
Research Article


Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is an aggressive mesenchymal tumor of the bone, and novel therapies are needed to improve its clinical outcomes. Patient-derived cell lines are essential tools for elucidating disease mechanisms associated with poor prognosis and for developing therapies. However, few lines and xenografts have been previously reported in dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. We established a novel patient-derived dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma cell line, NCC-dCS1-C1. Primary dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma tissues were obtained at the time of surgery and subjected to primary tissue culture. The cell line was established and authenticated by assessing DNA microsatellite short tandem repeats. The cells maintained in monolayer cultures exhibited constant growth, spheroid formation capacity, and invasion ability. When the cells were implanted into mice, they exhibited histological features similar to those of the original tumor. Genomic analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms showed aberrant genomic contents. The DNA sequencing revealed the absence of IDH1/2 mutations. The global targeted sequencing revealed that the cell line preserved homozygous deletion of CDKN2A and CREBBP. A proteomic study by mass spectrometry unveiled similar but distinct molecular backgrounds in the original tumor and the established cell line, suggesting that tumor cell functions might be altered during the establishment of the cell line. Using a screening approach, four anti-cancer drugs with anti-proliferative effects at a low concentration were identified. In conclusion, a novel dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma cell line, NCC-dCS1-C1, was successfully established from primary tumor tissues. The NCC-dCS1-C1 cell line will be a useful tool for investigations of the mechanisms underlying dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas.


Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma Patient-derived cell line Targeted sequencing Anti-cancer drug 



We thank Drs. M. Endo, Y. Minami, K. Shimizu, T. Mori, T. Uehara, M. Sugawara, Y. Araki, and Ms. R. Nakano of the Division of Musculoskeletal Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital for sampling tumor tissue specimens from surgically resected materials. We also thank Dr. Ishigamori and Mr. Uchiya of National Cancer Center Research Core facility for technical assistance in animal experiments. This research was supported by the National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund (26-A-9 and 29-A-2). The experiments of SNP array and oncopanel were supported by Fundamental Innovative Oncology Core in the National Cancer Center, and we appreciate the technical supports by Drs. Ichikawa. We would like to thank Editage ( for English language editing and constructive comments regarding the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Japan Human Cell Society and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rieko Oyama
    • 1
  • Fusako Kito
    • 1
  • Mami Takahashi
    • 2
  • Marimu Sakumoto
    • 1
  • Kumiko Shiozawa
    • 3
  • Zhiwei Qiao
    • 2
  • Rei Noguchi
    • 3
  • Takashi Kubo
    • 4
  • Shunichi Toki
    • 5
  • Fumihiko Nakatani
    • 5
  • Akihiko Yoshida
    • 6
  • Akira Kawai
    • 5
  • Tadashi Kondo
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Innovative Seeds EvaluationNational Cancer Center Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Central Animal DivisionNational Cancer Center Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Division of Rare Cancer ResearchNational Cancer Center Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Clinical GenomicsNational Cancer Center Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Division of Musculoskeletal OncologyNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan
  6. 6.Department of Pathology and Clinical LaboratoriesNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan

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