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Demography

, Volume 56, Issue 2, pp 549–572 | Cite as

Sexual Concurrency and Contraceptive Use Among Young Adult Women

  • Abigail WeitzmanEmail author
  • Jennifer Barber
  • Yasamin Kusunoki
Article

Abstract

Leveraging 2.5 years of weekly data from the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study, we investigate the relationship between young women’s sexual concurrency and their contraceptive behavior. Specifically, we (1) examine whether young women changed their contraceptive use when switching from one to multiple concurrent sexual partners in the same week; (2) explore the uniformity of contraceptive responses to concurrency across relationship context; and (3) compare the contraceptive behaviors of never-concurrent women with those of ever-concurrent women in weeks when they were not concurrent. Nearly one in five sexually active young women had sex with two or more people in the same week. When they were concurrent, these women’s odds of using any contraception increased threefold, and their odds of using condoms increased fourfold. This pattern of contraceptive adjustments was the same across relationship characteristics, such as duration and exclusivity. Yet when they were not concurrent, ever-concurrent women were less likely to use any contraception and used condoms less consistently than women who were never concurrent. We discuss these findings in the context of ongoing debates about the role of sexual concurrency in STI transmission dynamics.

Keywords

Sexual concurrency Contraception Sexual health 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was made possible with three grants from the National Institute for Child Health and Development (R03HD087422-01, PI Weitzman; and R01HD050329 and R01HD050329-S1, PI Barber); with two population center grants from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development to the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin (P2CHD042849) and the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan (R24HD041028); and with a training grant (T32AG000221) from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development administered through the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan, where Abigail Weitzman was a postdoctoral fellow. The authors thank Julia Behrman, Monica Caudillo, Yiwen Wang, Elizabeth Ela, and Heather Gatny for their insightful feedback and support of this manuscript along the way.

Supplementary material

13524_2019_762_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 15.5 kb)

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abigail Weitzman
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jennifer Barber
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yasamin Kusunoki
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Population Research CenterUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Population Studies CenterUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Department of SociologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  5. 5.Department of NursingUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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