Advertisement

Demography

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 103–127 | Cite as

Multiple-Partner Fertility in the United States: A Demographic Portrait

  • Lindsay M. MonteEmail author
Article

Abstract

Multiple-partner fertility (MPF) occurs when a person has biological children with more than one partner. The 2014 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), a nationally representative panel study of individuals and households in the United States, is the first such survey to include a direct question about whether respondents are MPF parents. Understanding the prevalence of such families is important given the known socioeconomic correlates of MPF and the ramifications of entering MPF for both individuals and families. In this study, the new SIPP data are used to generate key benchmarks for a national sample, present subpopulation estimates, and describe the sample of adults with children by multiple partners.

Keywords

Multiple-partner fertility SIPP MPF 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to several anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions. I am additionally grateful to all of the anonymous SIPP respondents who made this work possible.

Supplementary material

13524_2018_743_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (206 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 205 kb)

References

  1. Amundsen, B. (2014, May 9). A quarter of Norwegian men never father children. ScienceNordic. Retrieved from http://sciencenordic.com/quarter-norwegian-men-never-father-children
  2. Bartfeld, J. (2000). Child support and the postdivorce economic well-being of mothers, fathers, and children. Demography, 37, 203–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bramlett, M. D., & Mosher, W. D. (2002). Cohabitation, marriage, divorce, and remarriage in the United States (Vital Health Statistics Report, Series 23, No. 22). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar
  4. Cancian, M., Chung, Y., & Meyer, D. (2016). Fathers’ imprisonment and mothers’ multiple partner fertility. Demography, 53, 2045–2074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cancian, M., Meyer, D., & Cook, S. T. (2011). The evolution of family complexity from the perspective of children. Demography, 48, 957–982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cancian, M., Meyer, D., & Park, H. (2003). The importance of child support for low-income families (Report prepared for the Bureau of Child Support, Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development). Madison: University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.Google Scholar
  7. Carlson, M. J., & Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of multipartnered fertility among urban U.S. parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 718–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cherlin, A. (1978). Remarriage as an incomplete institution. American Journal of Sociology, 84, 634–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dorius, C. (2011, July). Multipartnered fertility at midlife. Paper presented at the National Center for Family and Marriage Research Counting Couples, Counting Families Conference, Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar
  10. Evenhouse, E., & Reilly, S. (2010). Women’s multiple partner fertility in the United States: Prevalence, correlates and trends, 1985–2008 (Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper No. 26867). Retrieved from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26867/
  11. Glaze, L., & Maruschak, L. (2008). Parents in prison and their minor children (Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report No. NCJ 222984). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  12. Grall, T. (2016). Custodial mothers and fathers and their child support: 2013 (Current Population Reports No. P60-255). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  13. Guzzo, K. B. (2014). New partners, more kids, multiple-partner fertility in the United States. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 654, 66–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guzzo, K. B., & Dorius, C. (2016). Challenges in measuring and studying multipartnered fertility in American survey data. Population Research and Policy Review, 35, 553–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guzzo, K. B., & Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (2007). Multipartnered fertility among young women with a nonmarital first birth: Prevalence and risk factors. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39, 29–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harknett, K., & Knab, J. (2007). More kin, less support: Multipartnered fertility and perceived support among mothers. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 237–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hernandez, D. J., & Brandon, P. D. (2002). Who are the fathers of today? In C. S. Tamis-LeMonda & N. Cabrera (Eds.), Handbook of father involvement: Multidisciplinary perspectives (pp. 33–62). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  18. Lewin, A. C. (2005). The effect of economic stability on family stability among welfare recipients. Evaluation Review, 29, 223–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Manning, W. D., & Cohen, J. A. (2015). Teenage cohabitation, marriage, and childbearing. Population Research and Policy Review, 34, 161–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Manning, W. D., & Smock, P. J. (2000). “Swapping” families: Serial parenting and economic support for children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 111–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Marquis, K. H., Marquis, M. S., & Polich, J. M. (1986). Response bias and reliability in sensitive topic surveys. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 81, 381–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martinez, G. M., Daniels, K., & Chandra, A. (2012). Fertility of men and women aged 15–44 years in the United States: National Survey of Family Growth, 2006–2010 (National Health Statistics Reports No. 51). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar
  23. Meyer, D. R., Cancian, M., & Cook, S. T. (2005). Multiple-partner fertility: Incidence and implications for child support policy. Social Service Review, 79, 577–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Monte, L. M. (2011a). The chicken and the egg of economic disadvantage and multiple partner fertility: Which comes first in a sample of low-income women? Western Journal of Black Studies, 35, 53–66.Google Scholar
  25. Monte, L. M. (2011b). Multiple partner maternity versus multiple partner paternity: What matters for family trajectories. Marriage & Family Review, 47, 90–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Monte, L. M. (2014, May). Multiplied disadvantage: Multiple partner fertility and economic well-being into the Great Recession. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  27. Monte, L. M. (2017a). Fertility research brief (Current Population Reports No. P70BR-147). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  28. Monte, L. M. (2017b). Multiple partner fertility research brief (Current Population Reports No. P70BR-146). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  29. Monte, L. M., & Ellis, R. R. (2014). Fertility of women in the United States: 2012 (Current Population Reports No. P20-575). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  30. Pettit, B. (2012). Invisible men: Mass incarceration and the myth of black progress. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  31. Rendall, M., Clarke, L., Peters, H. E., Ranjit, N., & Verropoulou, G. (1999). Incomplete reporting of men’s fertility in the United States and Britain: A research note. Demography, 36, 135–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schondelmyer, E. (2017). Demographics and living arrangements: 2013 (Current Population Reports No. P70BR-148). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  33. Scott, M. E., Peterson, K., Ikramullah, E., & Manlove, J. (2013). Multiple partner fertility among unmarried nonresident fathers. In N. J. Cabrera & C. S. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.), Handbook of father involvement: Multidisciplinary perspectives (2nd ed., pp. 97–115). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Segal, D. R., & Segal, M. W. (2004). America’s military population. Population Bulletin, 59(4), 1–40.Google Scholar
  35. Sinkewicz, M., & Garfinkel, I. (2009). Unwed fathers’ ability to pay child support: New estimates accounting for multiple-partner fertility. Demography, 46, 247–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stewart, S. (2005). How the birth of a child affects involvement with stepchildren. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 461–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Stewart, S. (2007). Brave new stepfamilies: Diverse paths toward stepfamily living. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fertility & Family Statistics BranchU.S. Census BureauWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations